Research

Excessive Use of Antibiotics Can Make Bacteria Resistant Towards Antibiotics | Says Research

“Antibiotics”- who isn’t aware of this term. Antibiotics are normally taken upon prescription. But the detrimental part about taking antibiotics on a casual basis is something which has alerted most of the health professionals which work in public health hospitals. As per the report of CDC, 2 million people in the United States become the victim of bacteria which are resistant to antibiotics and approximately around 23,000 meet death as a consequence of these antibiotics bacteria resistance. It is essential to know that overusing antibiotics is not at all healthy or helpful for health. And the awareness in this regard needs to be spread so that become alert of the misusage of antibiotics.

As per the statistics of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 47 million prescriptions or around 30% of antibiotics are given for no particular reasoning by the doctors to the patients and which has made antibiotics for many people quite useless and fertile. The antibiotics don’t seem to work on such patients anymore because of the resistance that bacteria develop over time due to the excessive use of antibiotic drugs or medicines. Thus, it is recommended and advised that some precautions should be taken by the health professionals before prescribing antibiotics to just any patient for any disease.

When should the Antibiotics be taken?

The antibiotics shouldn’t be used unnecessarily. However, one can take antibiotics or can prescribe when it’s an extreme need. For the treatment of certain infectious diseases, the health professionals can prescribe antibiotics. Some of the diseases in which antibiotics can be taken are as follows:

  • If a person gets afflicted with pneumonia then it is prescribed to use antibiotics for fighting against the bacteria.
  • Opting antibiotic medicines for diseases like sepsis is preferable as well.
  • People who go through some infections can opt for such medicines as well.
  • Also, for those who have to go through cancer treatment therapies, they can opt for such medicines or drugs as well.
  • Patients who are at the last stage of kidney diseases can also use antibiotics against the bacteria.

 

 

If antibiotics are taken whenever or however one desires to then more often than not the chances are that the resistance that antibiotics provide against bacteria will soon start diminishing since bacteria will start returning stronger and will resist the effects of antibiotics. And bacteria which survives the antibiotics can in return become more harmful than before. Since bacteria have the ability to transfer the properties of its resistance towards antibiotics the rest of the bacteria present inside the body. Normally, it’s usual that bacteria show resistance towards the medication. However, the time period after which it shows resistance greatly depends upon the effect that the medication manages to have on the body.

 

When should the Antibiotics not be taken?

As it has been mentioned earlier when the antibiotics should be taken. It is also necessary that it’s mentioned when the antibiotics are recommended not to be taken. Many people have this nature that they are prone to taking medicines for each and every infection or disease which can be actually harmful to the health. Some of these infections and diseases include:

  • Cold
  • Flu
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Coughs
  • Ear infection
  • Stomach disorder3

What should be done instead of using antibiotics?

  • Try improvising your diet instead of opting for antibiotics.
  • Get the vaccine done.
  • Ask your doctor to prescribe some preventive measures instead of antibiotics.

How can the misuse of antibiotics be avoided?

The misuse of antibiotics can be avoided only by working and collaborating on this cause mutually on a global basis. When governments and the health organizations will start taking this issue seriously, only then this can be avoided.

References

  • https://www.cdc.gov/features/antibioticuse/index.html
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4240113/
  • https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/consumer-health/in-depth/antibiotics/art-20045720

 

Areeba Hussain

The author is a Medical Microbiologist and a healthcare writer. She is a post-graduate of Medical Microbiology and Immunology with distinction. She is an author of six research papers and currently working as a research associate in a Research Lab.

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