Recently, a research was conducted to check the negative effects of polycystic ovary syndrome on the health of women. The study results revealed that women suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome have an overall poor health condition in the late forties. Thus, it concluded that PCOS affects the quality of life in women in later years. The research was published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is often an undiagnosed condition. It is a disorder of hormones in women of reproductive age, usually affecting 6 to 18 percent of women population in their childbearing age (15 years to 44 years).
In this syndrome, women may have an infrequent level of periods or may have irregularities in the menstrual cycle. Excess male hormones are produced in women with PCOS. The higher production of an androgenic hormone (male hormone) causes the abnormalities in the menstrual cycle. These women usually fail to get pregnant and it leads to infertility.
The ovaries do not produce a normal level of fluid i.e. follicles and fail to release eggs regularly. Hair growth on body and face is the result of PCOS. Baldness is another problem seen in women with PCOS, contributing to long term issues like diabetes and heart disease. Women who suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome experience some psychological problems such as depression, stress, and anxiety.
The symptoms can be fixed by using birth control pills and diabetic medicines as they maintain the proper balance of hormones.
Terhi Piltonen the principal investigator of the study from the University of Oulu in Finland said that most of the studies usually focus on the women of childbearing age but the symptoms such as excessive growth of hair, depression, stress, and anxiety may progress in the late forties. Our study aims to focus on the main population of women having the age in the late 40s. The study reveals that women have less level of satisfaction with poor health and have reduced quality of life up to the reproductive age.
A longitudinal cohort study was conducted by the researchers. The sample size of the study is 5889 women aged between 31 to 46 years. The sample is taken from the Northern side of Finland that includes women with polycystic ovary syndrome. It found that women who have PCOS suffer from bad health conditions.
Their quality of life is poor as compared to the women who do not have PCOS. Women with PCOS undergo depression and feel the stress of life. They are more sensitive to the severity of life due to some psychological issues. The mental health issue is the major factor that reduces the quality of life.
Piltonen explained that there is a need for more interventions for improving the quality of life in women who suffer from PCOS. These interventions will specifically be planned for the women who are in the late 30s and 40s. There should be a regular and proper screening of women regarding mental health issues.
Treatment should be given for maintaining the balance of hormones which ultimately controls the excessive growth of hair. With controlling the level of hormones, the psychological issues can be resolved.