In today’s world, there are many solutions available for a problem. When it comes to health, doctors also use one of the various options for the treatment of the patient. One of such methods used by health professionals is surgical procedures.
Many of the diseases and health conditions from the past do not exist today. This is due to the advancements in medical science and technology. Hence, issues which were once considered deadly now have easy cures. Perhaps the best example of this is tuberculosis.
However, new challenges continue to emerge. As a result, the number of surgical procedures has also gone up. This is to tackle the recent issues with no other treatment options or for diseases in advanced stages.
The success rate of the operations varies from person to person. Doctors usually recommend the patients to relax before undergoing any type of surgery. According to research, this can make a big difference in the recovery of the patient.
Therefore, controlling tension or anxiety in the pre-operation room is important. Often, doing so is very hard especially when a patient is alone in the time before the procedure. New research gives a way to control anxiety in such a situation.
The study focuses on how music can be highly beneficial when it comes to managing anxiety in the pre-op room. Before this, no research has specifically looked at the soothing effects of music in this condition. The findings of the study appear in the journal Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine.
Music Has Effects Similar To Sedatives
Though anxiety before surgery is normal, health professionals state that controlling it is mandatory. Many of the patients receive doses of anti-anxiety medication because of this.
Benzodiazepines are commonly used drugs for sedation. They are also useful in handling anxiety prior to surgery. However, researchers have noted that it is not safe overall.
These drugs have a different impact on each patient. This is the response of the patients is also kept in check. Generally, benzodiazepines can negatively affect mood, blood flow, and breathing.
Therefore, the researchers in the new study focused on a better alternative which is music. According to previous research, the ‘relaxing’ music that can help with anxiety is very specific. It maintains the same rhythm, comprises of sixty beats per minute, and has no tempo changes or lyrics.
In the new study, the researchers used a similar pre-programmed track. This track was approximately three minutes long.
To test the effectiveness, a total of 157 adult participants were recruited. These participants were further divided into control and experimental groups.
In the control group, the participants had two injections of a benzodiazepine drug called midazolam. On the other hand, the participants in the experimental group listened to the particular track.
To see the changes in anxiety levels, the researchers used an anxiety scale with six statements. The participants had to rate on a scale of 1-4 on them both before and after listening to music or receiving injections.
Can Music Replace Medicines?
After doing so, the researchers found the results in both groups were the same. The participants who received sedatives had the same levels as the people who listened to music.
The only difference was that people listening to music were not as satisfied with the results. The researchers explain this may be due to not hearing the music of their choice.
Nevertheless, this presents a future possibility of music replacing sedatives in the future. People may listen to music prior to their surgical procedures. Further research is needed to pave the way for this to happen, as said by the researchers.