At the moment, the health challenges present in the world are much more complex than before. Health professionals and researchers are looking at various aspects of a single disease for a potential cure. This has made many options available for people alongside preventive methods.
According to the statistics, around 10.2 million people in the United States alone suffer from diabetes. The disease has two forms – type 1 and type 2. In addition, the number seems to be rising with every passing year. The prediction for the year 2050 shows an alarming number of people suffering from the condition.
In a comparison between both of the forms, the second one is more common. Previous research shows that this is due to the connection between diabetes type 2 and a number of other conditions. For instance, the rising levels of obesity have a direct relation with that of type 2 diabetes.
Additionally, research is also looking at treatments for other health issues can impact type 2 diabetes. In a similar way, new research looks at a treatment used for the aforementioned obesity and diabetes – bariatric surgery.
Many people who are unable to lose their extra weight using conventional methods opt for this surgery. Normally, it is recommended for people who are extremely overweight or obese. The new study further highlights how it may also reduce the risk of premature death in people with type 2 diabetes.
The study is a part of the European Society of Cardiology Congress. The leading author of the study was Dr. Steven Nissen. Its findings also appear in the Journal of American Medical Association.
Bariatric Surgery Reduces Mortality Rate By Forty Percent
Type 2 diabetes is one of the fastest-growing health conditions in the world. Not only is the disease particularly hard to manage and harmful itself but can also cause other pernicious issues. For example, people with diabetes often have a higher risk of obesity, blood pressure issues, and cardiovascular disease/event.
Therefore, it is important to know about every potential treatment that can cut down the risk of complications and premature death. To know more about the impact of bariatric surgery on diabetes, the researchers took data from 13,722 participants.
A total of 2,287 out of the whole number opted for bariatric surgery instead of the conventional treatment for both diabetes and obesity. The four main types of surgeries performed were sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass, and adjustable gastric banding.
On the other hand, the rest of the participants underwent the standard methods of managing diabetes. The specific events the researchers looked out for were atrial fibrillation, coronary artery complications, kidney disease, heart failure and others.
After the examination, it was found that people with weight loss surgeries had forty percent fewer chances of heart events. Secondly, there was a forty-one percent reduction in the risk of premature death.
Although the results were significant, the authors admit that there were some limitations to it as well. It is important to remember the study was only observation-based. This means that it cannot be solid proof for causality.
Secondly, there were no comparisons of different results of the four types of surgeries in the research. Thirdly, since the data came from Cleveland Clinic, some may say it is biased as the research was also led by them.