Health

What happens when calcium levels are high

High calcium in the blood, also known as hypercalcemia, is mostly due to parathyroid disease. It is almost never caused due to cancer. It is almost always caused by a small non-threatening tumor on one or more (out of four) parathyroid glands. This condition can lead to different problems in the body, but is easily cured with a quick operation. As you will notice, almost all cases of high calcium in blood are caused due to a small tumor on one or more of your parathyroid glands causing hyperparathyroidism.

There are certain tests used to determine what is causing it. The first thing to look for to determine the problem is parathyroid disease. Parathyroid disease is almost every time the cause of high blood calcium. To determine the real cause of the high blood calcium, you will measure parathyroid function first. You can almost stop worrying about having any kind of cancer in such case as you almost certainly have a small benign tumor on your parathyroid glands. Although it may not be cancer, but you must have that tumor removed. There is a lot written about cancer being the cause of high calcium levels in the blood, however, this is extremely rare.

Before indulging any further, parathyroid glands are small glands located in the neck area that control the calcium in the blood. On occasions one of the the glands will grow into a benign tumor and cause high calcium levels in the blood. It is virtually completely harmless and can be removed by surgery in under twenty minutes, and is always associated with some symptoms. It must be fixed or treated rather than observed.

There are certain tests needed to ensure unusual levels of calcium in the blood. To diagnose parathyroid disease, you would need to have your parathyroid hormone (PTH) and calcium levels in blood checked. That’s it! In most of the cases (95% of patients), usually, this is all that’s needed to make the diagnosis of hyperparathyroidism. One does not need any further tests or scans to make the diagnosis of hyperparathyroidism.

Vitamin D is highly important to help keep the balance of calcium in our bodies. In fact, that’s the most vital thing for vitamin D. Vitamin D has a direct outcome on our intestines and further promotes the intestines to engross calcium from the food that we have consumed. Vitamin D also has a consequence on our kidneys as it informs the kidneys to not let any calcium leak into the urine. Hence it is probable for a person to end up taking too much vitamin D so that they absorb way too much calcium from their daily diet and then cling on to too much calcium in their kidneys, and so the calcium levels go high.

It is likely that people are prescribed drugs for high blood pressure to have an effect on the kidney in such a way that the kidney doesn’t let calcium seep the blood into the urine, and the excess calcium shows up in the blood. Another disorder occurs when a patient has an ulcer in the stomach and they self-treat it by taking lots of antacids and drinking an excess of milk. This is called Milk-Alkali syndrome. Patients usually get blamed for high blood calcium by doctors for eating too much calcium.

Taking too much calcium in supplements form will increase your calcium level, but only in really high doses. Paget’s disease is yet another disorder that would often result in inflated or distorted bones in one or more regions of the skeleton. Excessive bone distortion and collapse can result in a bone that is thick but breakable. This continually breaking down of bones can be a cause of hypercalcemia (too much calcium in the body). Although it is extremely rare for Paget’s disease to be diagnosed after a patient had a routine blood test that showed a high calcium level. Age is a common factor to determine correct calcium levels.

Sources

https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?contenttypeid=34&contentid=18379-1

https://medlineplus.gov/labtests/calciumbloodtest.html

Steven Anderson

Steven has over 10 years of experience in online media industry at various positions throughout the editorial cycle. Because of his interest in presenting scientific knowledge to the general public as well as providing a platform for information dissemination, Steven decided to bring together a team of like-minded individuals and started Top Health Journal.

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