In modern-day life, the health industry is much more advanced than it was ever before. As a result, many of the diseases from the past no longer exist and are not considered fatal. However, new challenges are emerging for health professionals at the same time.
In fact, many of the recent issues regarding health are far more complex and harder to understand. A number of these are also connected to each other. This means getting one problem can greatly increase the risk of another even while receiving treatment.
For instance, one of such issues is cardiovascular disease. In the past few centuries, research around the world led to successful control of this problem. In Western countries, health experts say the rate of deaths due to cardiovascular disease goes down.
However, there is now a chance again in the statistics regarding heart problems. The issue is that it is not good news. The rates instead of decreasing are not stagnant. In some areas, they are even going back up again.
This is a particularly worrying issue since heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. Hence, knowing about the potential contributors to the issues is important. Therefore, to explore more on the issue, new research looks at stats on cardiovascular disease from various countries.
The leading authors of the new paper are Prof. Alan Lopez and Tim Adair. The findings of the study appear in the International Journal of Epidemiology.
What Was the Research Method?
Cardiovascular disease includes conditions like stroke and others which are life-threatening. This is why there are a high number of deaths due to heart-related issues. In addition, this is also why researchers in the new study incorporated data from various countries.
All of the data regarding health and heart problems at the time came from the Mortality Database of the World Health Organization. It included twenty-three countries with development and higher incomes.
These countries are as follows: United States, Australia, France, Ireland, Japan, Spain, Singapore, Austria, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, Belgium, United Kingdom Greece, New Zealand, Switzerland, Canada, Norway, Kingdom, Denmark, Israel, Italy, and the Republic of Korea.
Most of the data used in the study were from people between the ages of thirty-five to seventy-four. According to the analysis, the risk of deaths by cardiovascular disease is higher for women in Canada and the US. In Australia, New Zealand, and the UK, the decrease in deaths has stopped.
After analyzing states, the researchers turned towards reasoning. There can be a number of reasons causing a rise in disease. In this case, the biggest factor as in consonance with a hypothesis by researchers is obesity.
In the mentioned countries, there is a very high number of obesity cases. For example, in Australia, almost one-third of the adult population struggles from being obese.
In addition, previous research clearly shows a connection between obesity and conditions like diabetes and heart disease. Secondly, being obese also raises the likelihood of having other risk factors for heart disease. This includes high blood pressure as well as cholesterol levels.
What Is the Solution?
As mentioned before, there can be many factors leading to heart disease. Currently, obesity is said to be only one of them. However, it is also the biggest contributor. The rise of heart disease can also be explained by observing obesity pandemic.
For the time being, researchers suggest that living in a healthful way is mandatory to avoid obesity and heart disease. If one does not do so, he or she may develop a life-long and fatal health condition.