As reported by BBC news, a team of scientists succeeded in transplanting memories in Snails. Scientists carried out the procedure by transferring a form of generic information called RNA from one snail into another. The results came out positive, breaking out a new discovery of Science.
Memory Transplant has always been a part of Science-fiction until a recent experiment conducted on snails proved that it can become a science fact now.
The snails used in the experiment were trained for a triggered defense mechanism in response to threats.
When the RNA from trained snails were taken and inserted into the snails that were not trained to develop a defensive reaction, actually reacted almost the same way the trained snails behaved earlier.
In the experiment, scientists ran tests on the marine snail specie called Aplysia Californica. Some snails were given mild electric shocks to their tails under observation for few days until they started developing a defense reaction to the shocks – where the snails contracted for protection and preventing shocks.
The defensive contraction in the trained snails lasted for about 50 seconds while newbie snails contacted for only one second.
Moving on to the major part of the experiment i.e Memory Transplant, scientists extracted RNA from the nervous system of the snails that have the memory of receiving electric shocks, into the snails that had not been trained in this way.
After receiving the RNA, when the newbie snails were given the electric shocks, their defence contraction lasted for the same time of the snails they received RNA from.
As research supports that RNA is involved in memory and the cells and molecular processes in marine snails are similar to those in humans, Memory Transplant could be possible for Humans in the future.