We are in the middle of an environmental catastrophe. The number of climatic disasters has been more than any other time period. There are numerous ways through which the problem is manifesting. Considering the recent news from Greenland for example.
Accordingly, for the first time in history, as much as 40% of entire Greenland (covered in ice) experienced melting last week. A phenomenon of this sort has never been reported before and has surprised scientific experts. The total ice loss has exceeded 2 gigatons or 2 billion tons. The record high temperature is believed to have initiated the change.
Greenland Lost Billions of Ice
Greenland is a big island situated to the north of Iceland. It is a scarcely populated place with most areas covered in ice. The temperature throughout the year around remains well below 0 degree Celsius with the melting season starts in July. However, the amount of melted ice is never known to have exceeded thousands of tons.
The 2 gigaton loss is surprising and unprecedented. To imagine how big it is, scientists believed that the melted ice can make up eight Washington Monuments in D.C.
A similar situation was observed in 2012 and the year was referred to as the record melting year. Yet, during that time only an entire sheet in Greenland had melted. However, in June 2019, on the other hand, has broken all previous records.
Melting occurring to this extent, this early is surely a cause of worry. There were signs that 2019 was going to be a bad melting season. The ice in the western part of Greenland had started to drip off as early as April which is four weeks earlier than the usual. Additionally, scientists believe that if nothing is done about the environmental issue in Greenland, the problem can exacerbate. There have been melting concern with this year, and the following years have the potential to be worse.
What spiked the change?
Experts are putting in a great amount of effort to study the causes for the occurrence. Thankfully to their cause, they have come up with some viable explanations. Most have conceded that the persistent pattern of weather caused a sudden melting in Greenland.
To add to that, the blocking ridge situated in the Eastern part of Greenland pulled up warm, high-pressure humid air from the Central Atlantic region. This led to the persistence of hot temperature over the ice consequently melting it. The high-pressure air had blocked any possibility of precipitation in the country. For a very long time, Greenland experienced clear and sunny weather.
The bigger cause of concern is the pressure rising with time. The ridge has gotten stronger with warm, humid fronts moving in from the U.S. There is a likely possibility that more ridges will form in other areas which will certainly worsen the problem.
From what is known the situation seems utterly unpleasant. There can be numerous environmental consequences if we allow tons of ice to melt in Greenland. The region is known for its contribution to the global sea level. Given that the scenario persists for long, a greater rise in sea level is predicted in the near future.