What is Migraine?

Have you ever seen someone who might have been struggling with a headache which might be seeming more of a normal headache? Or probably, you might have gone through the same too? A severe headache which seems more than a headache? If yes, then that’s probably a migraine.

A migraine is amongst one of the neurological conditions. As per the World Health Organization’s Global Health Burden Disease, migraine is considered to be on number 7th as the most disabling disease globally. And since, migraine is more common in women, three times more common to be more precise, thus, migraine in women is on number 4th in the list of most disabling diseases.

As per the report, migraine affects 12-15 percent people on a worldwide basis.  The attacks of a migraine on people can vary from person to person. Though, the range between which a person suffers usually is between 4 to 72 hours. The attacks of a migraine can also differ since there’s a possibility that people can get the attacks of a migraine for once or twice a year. But other individuals can experience the same migraine every week.

Who suffers a migraine to what are the symptoms of a migraine? We will be explaining these questions in the following article.

Symptoms of a Migraine

Some of the symptoms which are normally seen in people who suffer from a migraine are as follows. It is possible that the symptoms may vary from person to person. The frequency and the length of a migraine plays a great role in determining the symptoms of a migraine.

  • An individual would likely experience a throbbing and painful headache.
  • It is possible that the individual would experience some disturbed vision.
  • More often than not, people with a migraine are sensitive towards the light as well as towards sounds and smell.
  • A migraine can also cause a person to feel sick and a person would want to throw up as in vomiting.

Different Types of a Migraine

Not every a migraine is suspected to be the same typical migraine. A migraine may differ from person to person. International Headache Society gave a classification system in which they defined a different kind of headaches. This was produced in 1988 and since then, it keeps getting updated. World Health Organization has also adopted the same classification system for defining headaches and migraines.

Migraines can be of different types:

  1. A migraine with aura.
  2. A migraine without aura.
  3. A chronic Migraine
  4. A menstrual Migraine
  5. A hemiplegic Migraine
  6. A migraine with brainstem aura

A migraine with aura

A migraine with aura, also known as a migraine with brainstem aura,  is amongst the types of a migraine which are very rare.


The symptoms of  migraines with aura are as follows:

  • Loss of Balance may occur in such kind of migraines.
  • The person is expected to have double vision in such state of a migraine.
  • Possibly, a person can experience fainting as well.
  • Familial hemiplegic migraine is a state where people experience states like reversible paralysis etc, such a state is also termed to be in the class of a migraine with aura.

Causes of a Migraine

What causes migraines is still unpredictable since the professionals have not been able to distinguish between the factors which trigger a migraine. However, some of the causes which are experienced by the people are as follows:

  • Stress: This can act as a trigger in most of the people and can eventually turn into a migraine.
  • Lack of food: Lack of food can also cause an individual to suffer from a migraine.
  • Hormonal Changes: This normally occurs in women and thus women are suspected to experience migraine three times more than the men.
  • Lack of Sleep: Lack of sleep is another cause which triggers a migraine.
  • Environment: The environment of a person can also have an impact on a person experiencing a migraine.



  • https://www.migrainetrust.org/about-migraine/migraine-what-is-it/more-than-just-a-headache/
  • https://medlineplus.gov/magazine/issues/fall15/articles/fall15pg4-5.html
  • https://www.migraine.ie/what-is-migraine/

Areeba Hussain

Areeba is an independent medical and healthcare writer. For the last three years, she is writing for Tophealthjournal. Her prime areas of interest are diseases, medicine, treatments, and alternative therapies. Twitter @Areeba94789300

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