Are you a male and have enlarged breasts that appear to be bigger than their normal size? Do they give your body an utterly disproportionate look? If the answers are a yes, then you should possibly consider seeing a doctor! Your doctor may diagnose you a disease which is medically now known as gynecomastia.
For obvious reasons you might wonder whether obesity has any role to play in that regard? Well, that is certainly true. Most often then not your doctor will rule out gynecomastia by categorizing it as pseudo-gynecomastia. That is when a person has enlarged breast simply because he is obese, and fat has accumulated in that area.
In other circumstances, gynecomastia is reversible as long as the probable cause has been identified. There are a number of culprits, medical science has been able to identify. In this article, we will look into exactly that.
Causes of Gynecomastia
There is no one single cause of gynecomastia. In fact, there is a long list of culprits to be blamed. What really happens is that the potential cause impedes the production of the male testosterone hormone. As a consequence, the level of female estrogen hormone starts increasing. Which as a result causes the enlargement of the breast region.
It is important to realize that gynecomastia itself may not qualify as a real illness. Rather, it signifies the presence of another larger problem that is causing the disturbance of male hormone production. That being said, let us look into some of the diseases which can cause a male to develop this condition.
- Kidney/Liver Disease
- Alcohol Addiction
- Klinefelter Syndrome, a rare genetic disease that can lead to smaller testes subsequently hampering the hormonal balance
Additionally speaking, scientists have also levied blame on certain medications which can cause gynecomastia. The most common known culprits are as follows.
- Spironolactone, a common drug that is used to treat high blood pressure problem
- Some antibiotics like metronidazole, isoniazid
- Anti-ulcer medications
- Anabolic steroids
- Anti-androgen drugs for treating prostate cancer
Furthermore, psychoactive drugs like marijuana, heroin, methadone and cocaine may also be responsible for gynecomastia.
The condition is treated usually through drug therapy where the doctor prescribes you certain medications. It is also common for males to have breast reduction surgery. The success rate is very high with minimal side effects. To cut the long story short, gynecomastia is treatable if the right cause has been identified. But sometimes there may be a bigger underlying problem: breast cancer.
Breast Cancer in Men?
We know for a fact, that breast cancer tends to affect women more than men. However, men may be victims too although in rare circumstances. Your doctor will first look for signs of gynecomastia and possible non-cancerous cause. Afterwards, he/she may ask you to undergo certain medical examinations to look for an enlarged gland. If cancer is suspected, then you might have to get a mammogram to test for the presence of carcinogens.
Like mentioned earlier, breast cancers in males are fairly unlikely. However, if diagnosed they can still be a real cause of worry for the individual. Having said that, these are some of the probable symptoms that the male patient may exhibit.
- A mass that grows speedily on only one side of the breast and not the other
- Milky discharge from the nipples
- Other skin changes that may accompany as a consequence.