One minute you are down, the next minute you are up. Some days have been happier while on other occasions you are just bummed out. Have your mood swings been very infrequent and at the same time very severe? Do they make you feel like as if you are on a roller-coaster ride?
What you might subsequently ask is whether these changes are normal? Well, perhaps, it’s okay to not feel the same for long and experience changes but the bigger problem arises when the mood swings start affecting the daily intricacies of your life. If that has been the case, then there is all the more reason to be worried about.
Although it should be clear enough that sometimes your body varied rhythmic pattern may cause you to experience frequent disruptions in the mood. Simply put, say you are hungry, you are likely to be frustrated with yourself. Compared to say when your body seems satisfied with a hearty meal you just took.
However, in other situations, extreme forms of mood swings may underlie some serious mental illness. Which really means that it can signify a mental disorder you may have that requires professional attention.
Having said that let us look into conditions which can lead to a rollercoaster of emotions.
Commonly people with bipolar disorder will tend to experience the severe type of emotional disruption. The only possible distinction is that the certain phase may last longer than a usual mood swing. For example, a prolonged phase of depression may soon be followed by a lengthy period of elevated happiness.
It is not easy to identify when someone has bipolar disorder. That also explains why most cases remain undiagnosed. But there are a few simple ways you can understand the condition.
Let us assume you have a house party a month from now on. It’s normal to be excited about the occasion and be happy about it. However, for a bipolar patient, this will mean spending several days exhibiting their excitement to the extent where it can be destructive. For example, racing around, talking excessively etc. For medical scientists, this phase is called the manic phase.
On the other hand, say you have a job interview scheduled next week. Such circumstances can also trigger symptoms of bipolar disorder. A patient is likely to feel extremely jittery, demotivated and anxious. Such a situation is known as the depressive phase.
Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD)
Mood swings are also a common symptom of people with ADHD. In normal circumstances, this mental disorder will make you hyperactive. Additionally, patients who have the condition will tend to feel a lot restless and impatient. While at the same time it can lead you to become frustrated with yourself which impedes your focus on daily activities.
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) shares a lot common with Bipolar Disorder. However, there are some noticeable differences between the two. BPD is more of a personality disorder that can lead you to have an inappropriate or severe form of emotional reactions (or mood swings). Patients with BPD will have unstable relationships and will often make impulsive decisions with respect to anything.
One way to notice if someone has the condition is then again to look for intense shifting of moods. That may happen infrequently but one phase does not last long as with the case with bipolar. As a consequence, patients with BPD do not deal really well with stress.