Poor oral hygiene linked to premature births

The Journal of Clinical Periodontology published a study which says that expectant mothers should maintain good oral health for a healthy pregnancy. The respective research suggests a link between poor oral health and premature birth. Note that the research was conducted by experts at University Hospital Hradec Kralove in the Czech Republic. The research team looked at the effect of gum disease on adverse pregnancy outcomes.

The study analyzed 78 women who gave birth prematurely and were admitted to Hradec Kralove hospital. They were compared to 77 mothers who did not experience any complications during pregnancy and were receiving antenatal care in the outpatient care department of the hospital.

All along the course of the research, all of the participants were offered a dental check-up. The results of the research analysis showed that women who gave birth earlier than normal had higher levels of gum inflammation and plaque. On the other hand, women who did not experience pregnancy complications had no such issues.

The former also depicted greater attachment loss as well. For your information, it is a measure of reduced support around the teeth. The subjects under test had a deeper pocket depth. Moreover, the narrow space between their gums and the teeth were also deeper. Both attachment loss and pocket depth determine gum disease and higher levels of these indicate more damage.

Other risk factors for gum disease such as smoking were also taken into account and the results were same. Thus, it was concluded that poor oral hygiene may lead to complications during pregnancy which might cause premature delivery or birth.

The findings of the study are significant as they can help to prevent premature births worldwide.

How to keep your gums healthy naturally?

Pregnancy comes with greater hormonal fluctuations. Thus, many women find it harder to maintain good oral health during pregnancy. The hormonal changes during pregnancy can leave gums more susceptible to plaque and increase the probability of sore, swollen, and bleeding gums.

Following are some simple, natural ways to prevent gum diseases.

Oil Pulling

It involves swishing a tablespoon of oil, such as coconut oil or sesame oil, around your mouth for about 15 minutes. It potentially lessens plaque buildup and protects against gingivitis.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C plays a critical role in maintaining healthy gums. Deficiency of vitamin C may lead to greater gum diseases like Scurvy. In order to maintain healthy gums, one must obtain healthy levels of vitamin C. Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cantaloupe, grapefruit, kiwi, mango, oranges, papaya, red pepper, and strawberry are good sources of vitamin C.


Research studies suggest that cranberry may help protect against gum disease. It does so by preventing bacteria from sticking to the teeth. Moreover, the compounds in cranberry may regulate inflammation caused by periodontitis.

Tea tree oil

Tea tree oil also offers protective effects against gingivitis. It can be used in toothpaste as an ingredient. However, undiluted tea tree oil is toxic thus it should not be ingested.


Neem, being an ayurvedic medicine, possesses antibacterial properties. It can be used in mouthwashes to reduce plaque and prevent gingivitis. It offers an effective, natural remedy against unhealthy gums.

Areeba Hussain

Areeba is an independent medical and healthcare writer. For the last three years, she is writing for Tophealthjournal. Her prime areas of interest are diseases, medicine, treatments, and alternative therapies. Twitter @Areeba94789300

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