How abortion is surgically carried out?

The verdict by the state of Alabama to rule abortion as illegal has sparked fury among the pro-abortion and pro-life. There are arguments both in favour and against the procedure. Proponents of the ban argue that the sanctity of life should be maintained. On the other hand, opponents mostly point fingers towards the cases of rape that can lead to forced pregnancies.

Which side’s arguments are justified and valid is beside the point. More often than not people are not really aware of how abortion is actually carried out. While recent medical advancements have introduced pills that can cause deliberate miscarriage, surgical abortion remains the most common form.

That being said, this article will explore the details of surgical abortion. How the procedure is carried out? Are there any risks involved or any complication(s) that may result afterwards?

Surgical Abortion-What is it?

In this procedure, the contents of the uterus are surgically removed through the vagina once the egg has embedded within the lining of the uterus. The cervix is allowed to be open wide enough to allow the surgical equipment to easily enter the uterus. The surgeon, in most circumstances, will make use of a suction or a vacuum aspiration. Through the use of this instrument, the contents of the uterus are gradually sucked out. In this way, the fertilized egg no more is attached to the lining.

If a woman needs to have the procedure done, she should be in the first trimester of her pregnancy. Which is usually the initial 12 weeks or 3 months.

In cases, where the pregnant woman has exceeded the first-trimester phase, an abortion can still be carried out. The only difference would be in the preparation and opening of the cervix. The procedure is particularly facilitated by prescribing the mother a dosage of hormone-blocking pills.

In nearly all surgical abortions, anaesthesia is necessary. What type of anaesthetic to offer the patient will depend upon the surgeon. You can proceed with the surgery with general anaesthesia or a local one which really numbs your cervix area.

Success Rate & Complications?

Surgical abortion is generally considered to be a very safe option and the success rate is usually very high. However, caution needs to be taken the procedure is always done under the supervision of a trained medical professional.

Having said that, the surgery is not without some associated risks and complications. The longer the mother prolongs her pregnancy, the greater the likelihood of these risks. That is to say, the first trimester is usually the safest time to abort.

Let us consider some complications resulting from the procedure.

  • Infection: Most abortions are followed by an infection that can result in symptoms like high degree fever. The best way to go about is through a healthy dosage of antibiotics
  • Injuries: If the surgery is not supervised properly, the instruments can cause injury to the soft muscles of the uterus. Additionally, if you have multiple abortions, your cervix may severely weaken.
  • Haemorrhage: Perhaps the inevitable consequence of the procedure is haemorrhage or bleeding from the cervix. The amount of blood discharged may be similar to that of a menstrual period. However, if you notice heavy bleeding, that means the abortion has been ineffective.

Areeba Hussain

Areeba is an independent medical and healthcare writer. For the last three years, she is writing for Tophealthjournal. Her prime areas of interest are diseases, medicine, treatments, and alternative therapies. Twitter @Areeba94789300

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