Dementia itself doesn’t qualify as a specific disease. In fact, the term is popularly used to refer to a number of symptoms that inhibit the mental ability of a person to carry out activities on an everyday basis. The symptoms may be numerous and can range from a loss of memory to disrupted communication.
That being said, there has however been an update in the field of medical science with regards to the condition. For the first time ever, the World Health Organization issued guidelines to help people avoid the risk of getting dementia.
In this article, we will consider exactly that! But before dwelling into the discussion it is important to enlighten ourselves with some of the causes.
Causes of Dementia
On an estimate, 50 million people worldwide are known to be inflicted with dementia which really tells us a lot about the severity of the issue. While no one exact cause can be identified, scientists have put forward some viable explanations. For example. the group of people who are at the biggest risk include old age individuals. Dementia is largely known to result from the ageing process however it is important to not confuse ageing as an inevitable cause. Many old people will survive for long without ever grappling the associated symptoms. Since the infliction rate is higher among older individuals, scientists attribute age as a likely risk factor.
On the other hand, a number of research findings have also concluded genes to play a role. It is widely believed by the medical community that the symptoms of dementia may be inherited. Then again, the parent may pass a certain gene of the symptom to the offspring rather than the condition as a whole.
Lastly, the lifestyle of the person may also determine the likelihood of dementia. Activities like excessive smoking may impede the ability of the brain to perform cognitive functions.
Which brings us to the main part of the discussion: how to cut down the risk factors?
Cutting down the Risk
Some of the guidelines that have been issued by the World Health Organization are as follows.
- Exercising regularly: Exercising is an essential component of a physically and mentally fit lifestyle. It keeps the brain healthy and allows it to carry out its functions in the best possible manner. The recommended exercise time by WHO is estimated to be somewhere around 150 minutes of moderate-intensity workout.
- Saying NO to smoking: Smoking may be doing a lot more harm to your brain than good. Cut down on the number of cigarettes you smoke to reduce the risk of dementia.
- Eating Healthy: WHO would advise you to shift to a diet characterized by lots of fruits and vegetables. At the same time, recommending you to consume a low amount of saturated fats.
- Do the Brain Exercises: Brain training exercises like frequently practising the crossword puzzle may ensure smooth performance of the cognitive functions.
- Vitamins won’t help: WHO has also established that eating vitamins may do nothing to reduce the risk of dementia.
- Keep your BP in check: There is strong evidence to suggest a relationship between high blood pressure and risk of dementia.
- Put the liquor away: Cutting down on excessive alcohol content is always a safe option. It protects you from a list of health conditions.