Haemochromatosis or commonly referred to as Iron Disease is a bigger threat than what scientists initially perceived. Now, the condition has become a cause for concern for the majority of medical professionals. The rates are rising at an alarming rate and soon Haemochromatosis can be very common among people. It is, therefore, more than necessary to take preventive measures in that regard.
According to the new findings by Exeter University, the disease has multiplied by 20 times since the last findings came in. The inflicted population is predicted to go up in the near future.
Haemochromatosis is considered to be the most common genetic disorder among people. Every fifth man and tenth woman is likely to be diagnosed with this disorder.
Let us see what the condition is all about.
What is Haemochromatosis?
Haemochromatosis is basically a genetic disorder that leads to the body absorbing more iron than usual. The consequences of the disease are plenty and can intensify if no treatment is carried out. It occurs when the offspring receives a faulty gene from its parent.
While there are likely to be a number of symptoms, scientists have been able to identify the most likely ones.
- Weakness and lethargy
- Severe weight loss
- Chronic diabetes
- Liver disease
- Prolonged sexual dysfunction
One of the most worrisome parts of the disease is that people are often unable to detect when it becomes fatal. Since the symptoms are associated with a variety of other conditions, people won’t identify Haemochromatosis in the first place. For example, most of the resulting deaths due to this condition have been due to liver failure.
What people also don’t know at the same point is that treatment is fairly simple and can be easily carried out. It is carried out through venesection or bloodletting. The body is induced to make more blood to use up the excess iron that is present. It is only about the earlier diagnosis can effective treatment be carried out on the respective patient.
Doctors argue that their patients come up with complaints like feeling exhausted easily and being lethargic. The patients usually sideline the symptoms as some mere other common disorder. The bigger picture tells that the result is in fact vastly different. After going through certain examinations, the patient is detected with Haemochromatosis.
How is Haemochromatosis inherited?
As mentioned earlier, Haemochromatosis is a genetic disorder meaning by it passes from the parent to the offspring. Sadly, there is not much the person can do about because of inability to control genetical processing.
In normal circumstances, the body has a gene called HFE. It affects the ability to absorb iron. In usual circumstances, the body is able to maintain a certain level of iron that is required for the production of haemoglobin.
When there exists a fault in the HFE gene, the person develops Haemochromatosis. An excessive level of iron starts to build up. It gets deposited in different organs and tissues of the body subsequently damaging them.
Some people are at a higher risk factor of having faulty HFE genes than others. White people with Celtic Background are more likely than any other community to develop Haemochromatosis.