The researchers from different universities in Pakistan and Saudi Arabia have come up with a revolutionary study. It states that some medicinal plants from Pakistan can effectively cure conjunctivitis by natural means.
Conjunctivitis or pink/red eye is an infectious disease caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus or allergic reactions. A bacterial infection is often associated with a green or yellow pus discharge. On the other hand, a clear off-white discharge indicates an infection of viral origin. Note that conjunctivitis can progress into blindness if left untreated.
At present, drug resistance has caused many infectious diseases to last longer and become harder to treat. Thus, scientists are looking forward to some natural means to cater to such conditions. Medicinal plants with antibacterial properties can serve the purpose. They can be used for the effective treatment of these diseases.
For the study, the researchers screened 36 plant species to determine which medicinal plants work against conjunctivitis. The researchers screened the extracts of the species for their antibacterial activity against S. aureus and P. aeruginosa strains.
What do the results say?
The results reveal the following species to be effective against S. aureus.
- Myrobalan (Terminalia chebula)
- Pomegranate (Punica granatum)
- Black pepper (Piper nigrum)
- Great pignut (Bunium bulbocastanum)
- Damask rose (Rosa damascena)
Meanwhile, those that worked best against P. aeruginosa included,
- Great pignut
- Common juniper (Juniperus communis)
- Armenian plum (Prunus armeniaca)
In addition, the researchers gathered extracts from 23 plant species and evaluated their antibacterial activity against clinical isolates of S. aureus and P. aeruginosa. This experiment found that the following species inhibited the growth of S. aureus.
- Damask rose
- Tamarix (Tamarix dioica)
- Caraway (Carum carvi)
- Pistachio(Pistacia vera)
- Common fig (Ficus carica)
These plants were found equally effective against P. aeruginosa. Thus, the results conclude that Pakistani plants are a potent remedy against S. aureus and P. aeruginosa.
Additional tips to treat pink eye
Conjunctivitis or pink eye is a very uncomfortable experience. Here are some additional tips to treat the condition.
Apply a warm or cold compress over your eyes. It is an effective treatment against conjunctivitis, regardless of whether it’s caused by a virus, bacteria, or allergies. A warm compress prevents the building up of discharge on your eyelids. Plus it hampers the formation of crust on your eyelashes. Meanwhile, cold compresses reduce itching and inflammation.
Rinse your eyes. Conjunctivitis can be avoided by rinsing your eyes with cold or lukewarm water. It can help get rid of the cause of your conjunctivitis. A saline solution made of common salt and water can be incorporated as an eyewash to help reduce inflammation and irritation.
Avoid contact lenses. The victims of the condition are recommended to remove contact lenses for up to 12 days. Contact lenses may house pathogens that can worsen the infection. People must wash the lens thoroughly prior to use.