How trauma exposure is related to post-traumatic stress disorder, research reports

A lot of people suffer from Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) which might be seen as an occupational threat from serving in the conflict. But in the UK, nearly 8% of people have it by the time they turn 18. However, most of them are not getting proper treatment, despite the astonishingly high suicide risk.

Mostly people who were the target of a natural disaster, car crash, a robber, sexual abuse, or other life-threatening circumstances can develop PTSD.

Though reliable information regarding this disorder is difficult to find, there are some post-traumatic stress disorder statistics in scientific magazines.

Using scientific studies Trauma in young individuals, and its long-term effects on their intellectual health is a comparatively under-researched area. Studies in the US and Europe of the frequency of childhood PTSD used diagnostic standards now considered outdated.

To address this, researchers of King’s College London led some interviews with more than 2,000 adolescents. These participants were born in England and Wales when they were 18.

In The Lancet Psychiatry, one of the researchers reports that 31% of those in the sample had experienced some traumatic event in their childhood, like witnessing deaths or experiencing sexual violation or severe injury. Many of those individuals suffered from “network trauma”. In which they were affected by something they didn’t personally witness but happened to someone very close to them.

PTSD, which can manifest in having hallucinations, avoiding things which might remind an individual of their suffering, was recognized in a quarter of those who had experienced any trauma, including three-quarters of those individuals who suffered sexual assault.

PTSD often has extensive life effects by making it harder to study. Most of the diagnosed individuals with PTSD   had not received any treatment. Just one in five from them saw a mental health professional. And only a third had discoursed the condition of their intellectual health with a doctor in the previous year.

This was despite three-quarters of those with this disorder having at least one other mental health disorder, commonly a major depressive event. Nearly half of those individuals had self-harmed and one in five had attempted suicide, 11 times the rate for those who had not experienced any suffering.

According to the researchers, childhood trauma is public health distress however trauma-related ailments often go ignored. Young people suffering from PTSD are falling through the breaks in care.

Hence, there is a persuasive need for better contact with mental health services. They stated that the consequences of childhood PTSD become increasingly difficult to assess and treat.

All participants were twins, both identical and non-identical, drawn from a continuing study of twin development. They had been interviewed 4 times between the ages of 5 and 12, with queries to them and their parents. These questions were useful for this research. There is no clear reason to think twins are more probable to suffer PTSD than other children.

Areeba Hussain

Areeba is an independent medical and healthcare writer. For the last three years, she is writing for Tophealthjournal. Her prime areas of interest are diseases, medicine, treatments, and alternative therapies. Twitter @Areeba94789300

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