A study, published in the Journal Diabetes, states that fathers-to-be can prevent the development of Type-II diabetes in their offspring by exercising before conception. The researchers from the Joslin Diabetes Center and the Ohio State University College of Medicine at the Wexner Medical Center collaboratively conducted the study. According to the study, men who exercise before conception help to lower their children’s risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later in life.
It has been centuries that health experts advise people to exercise. Exercise benefits anyone, regardless of their age. Plus, most of the diseases are related to various factors of our lifestyle. Similar is the case with Type 2 diabetes.
The results of the study entail that the physical activity levels of a father, before conception, could possibly reduce the likelihood of Type-II diabetes among children. The researchers believe that the role of obesity and metabolic programming in the future children can be determined by the levels of physical activity in their fathers.
For the study, the researchers employed mice models and divided them into two groups. Both the groups included some mice that were sedentary and some that exercised.
- One group was fed a high-calorie diet for three weeks.
- The other group of mice was given a regular diet for the same tenure.
After three weeks, the mice bred. Later on, their offspring were kept on a regular diet under sedentary conditions for around 12 months.
What do the results say?
The results of the study, when observed, showed that young mice from the more physically-active mice had,
- Greater glucose metabolism
- Lower body weight
- Lower fat mass
Dr. Laurie Goodyear, the lead author of the study, commented on the results of the study highlighting the importance of men’s fitness, especially the fathers-to-be. According to him, males, on a high-fat diet, have a terrible effect on the offspring.
The surprising part of the study was that the situation completely reversed when the male added in exercise.
Translating to humans, the study suggests that fathers too affect their offspring either positively by exercising or negatively by adopting a sedentary lifestyle. In particular, their exercise and a healthy schedule decrease the risk of developing Type-II diabetes for the offspring.
The study also reveals the impact of physical activity on the genetic expressions of the father’s sperm. It was found associated with improvements in the metabolism of their offspring.
The scientists are still studying this link to determine the theory of paternal environmental information being passed to the next generation. Moreover, they encourage other scientists for further studies as well.
How to prevent Type-II diabetes in children
Below-mentioned are some suggestions that can help your children stay healthy and lower their risk of developing Type-II diabetes.
- Cut down on the intake of junk food and shop on a full stomach
- Encourage your children to drink more and more water and avoid soda and energy drinks
- Incorporate more fresh fruits and vegetables into your child’s daily meals
- Let your kids work out for 60 minutes daily. They can do it in several, short 10 to 15 minute sessions or all at once. You can make this work out fun by letting them enjoy new games and activities.
- Try to take your child on healthy and active outings, serve small portions and let kids ask for seconds. Try to take out time and take your children on lots of walks together.