Why women gain weight during period?

Does your period induce unnecessary cravings? Do you ultimately end up eating more than you should? Has the problem of weight gain during menstruation worried you for quite a long time now?

If the answer to the above three questions is a YES then you need to read this article.

Scientists have found that it is perfectly normal for females to gain three to five pounds during period. This is applicable for the majority of the women.

However, you should not be worried since the weight gain goes away with bleeding. As a result of bringing the weight back to normal.

Premenstrual Syndrome is very common. In PMS, the woman goes through certain hormonal changes that can affect the physical and emotional behaviour. A disturbance in the appetite may be one such symptom.

According to the Office of Women’s Health, 90% of the females are likely to exhibit signs of PMS.

Let us now find explanations to why women may experience weight gain during menstruation. While there are likely to be many factors, scientists have mainly been able to identify two.

Increase in Water Retention

During a period cycle, a woman is likely to undergo different hormonal changes in her body. This can induce an increase in water retention. In fact, days leading up to the cycle, the estrogen and progesterone hormones are likely to decrease.

When this happens, the body tissues are likely to absorb or retain more water. The medical term for this condition is edema.
The tissues likely to become the victims include the ones located in the breasts and stomach. That is primarily the reason why both of these areas become swollen in pre and menstruation days.

Then again you do not have to be worried about this swelling. Like other symptoms, it is part of PMS. The water retention may eventually decrease when progesterone and estrone levels increase in the body. This brings the bodily regions back to their normal shape.

Unnecessary Cravings

Yes, unnecessary cravings for food is a real thing that happens during a period. Then again this situation results from the hormonal imbalance in the female’s body.

The appetite stimulant hormone is likely to increase rapidly just before the start of your period. This increases appetite, making the person eat more than usual.

It is also believed that overeating happens due to a drop in the serotonin level. A lower amount of serotonin in the body can disrupt the mood putting the person under emotional stress. Now a lot of scientists have attributed a disturbed emotional state with overeating.
Moreover, low serotonin in the body can increase cravings for sugary items in particular. Greater ingestion of carbohydrates tries raising the amount of this chemical bringing it back to its normal level.

There is no straightforward way of fighting these cravings. However, you can take steps to prevent excessive weight gain. Some of these steps are highlighted below.

  • Increase water intake. It is important to keep yourself hydrated during the menstrual cycle to decrease water retention. At the same time, it makes the person feel full.
  • Try eating healthy. That possibly is the best way to fight unnecessary cravings.
  • Keep yourself physically active by taking frequent walk breaks.

Areeba Hussain

Areeba is an independent medical and healthcare writer. For the last three years, she is writing for Tophealthjournal. Her prime areas of interest are diseases, medicine, treatments, and alternative therapies. Twitter @Areeba94789300

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