A number of industries are being set up all over the USA. It can provide with an economic boost to the country by employing people. However, the consequences are never really considered. Now research studies have revealed that air pollution can have a serious effect on the pregnant mother and the fetus.
Scientists have put forward the proposition that the small air particles have the tendency to enter the woman’s body. Subsequently, these particles may be able to reach the placenta harming the growth of the growing fetus.
The polluted air is likely to consists of several harmful compounds. Yet scientists believe that the carbon particles are the ones that enter the bloodstream of the pregnant woman. It is important to note that carbon is released from the burning of fossil fuels in the industries.
What did the study say?
The US National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences is working towards highlighting the environment related issues. The researchers belonging to the institutions documented a report that was published in the NIH Journal.
The team of scientists observed around 3500 macrophages using high power microscopes. Out of the 3500 particles, 60 had visible black areas on them which were supposedly the deposits of carbons. A human placenta can cover a maximum of five square micrometres of these particles.
The very likely hypothesis is that the polluted air we breath gets into our body through the nostrils or mouth. From that region, it moves down the bronchi to the lungs. There is a high possibility that some of these particles may leak out and reach the placenta. Since they are microscopically small, this hypothesis seems acceptable.
According to one scientist, it is not necessary for the carbon molecules to directly enter the fetus. Even if that doesn’t happen, and the particles reach the placenta that is going to have the same impact on the growth of the fetus.
Previously, studies have suggested that air pollution can lead directly to premature births, low birth weight and even infant death. Now this study highlighting the impeded growth of the fetus is an addition to the list.
Researches believe that this theory is applicable to all countries affected by air pollution. However, the poor developing countries are more likely to be affected due to greater environmental damage.
Protecting the fetus
Generally, it was thought that the baby was considered safe in the womb. The research, however, has suggested otherwise. While the situation outside the womb is abominable, there is a similar case observed inside.
Regardless, air pollution has affected everyone and measures need to be taken to prevent further damage. The government should make it a high priority to look for ways this problem can be controlled in its entirety.
That, first of all, requires keeping a check on the polluted air released by factories and industries. The amount of carbon given out should be kept at minimal since that is the biggest contributor.
On the other hand, it is also important to create awareness among the population, particularly pregnant mothers. The mothers should know about this scenario and work on minimizing the other risk factors that can affect the fetus growth. That includes leaving smoking tobacco etc.