A study, published in the Journal of Dietary Supplements, reveals the beneficial effects of Wheat (Triticum aestivum) for diabetic people. It suggests that the consumption of wheat during diabetes improves the condition and complications related to it. The researchers of the study find wheat beneficial for the people suffering from diabetes.
The researchers of the study belonged with Afe Babalola University and the University of Ilorin in Nigeria. They observed the effects of a wheat-based diet on diabetes. In essence, the team analyzed the antidiabetic activity of the wheat-rich diet.
The researchers employed rats for the experimentation. The rats were given alloxan to induce diabetes. Afterward, they were fed with a wheat-based diet for four weeks.
The findings of the study led the researchers to conclude that a wheat-based diet notably improved the levels of,
- Fasting blood glucose
- Sodium (Na+)
- Potassium (K+)
The rats also exhibited a momentous increase in the concentrations of insulin and glycogen. Moreover, the activities of hexokinase, catalase, superoxide dismutase, and glutathione peroxidase also enhanced. There was a significant increase in the levels of blood parameters.
The rats also demonstrated reduced activities of glucose-6-phosphatase and fructose 1, 6-diphosphatase and levels of malondialdehyde. In addition, the wheat-based diet reversed the activities of aspartate transaminase (AST), gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). It also supported the regeneration of liver, kidney, and pancreatic tissues.
Thus, the findings of the study conclude that wheat-based diet is beneficial for the patients of diabetes. This is because it helps to manage diabetes mellitus and related complications.
Other health benefits of wheat consumption
Wheat is a universally consumed cereal grain. It comes from a type of grass grown in different varieties across the world. The most common of the species is common wheat. In addition, it includes closely related species such as durum, spelt, emmer, einkorn, and khorasan wheat.
Apart from improving diabetes and related complications, other potential health benefits of eating whole-grain wheat include,
Wheat grains pack a variety of nutrients like proteins, fibers, vitamins, and minerals. Minerals usually include selenium, manganese, phosphorus, copper, and folic acid or vitamin B9.
Wheat grains are rich in antioxidants as well. A high amount of antioxidants is found in the aleurone layer. It is a component of the bran. Moreover, Ferulic acid, phytic acid, alkylresorcinols, lignans, wheat germ agglutinin, and lutein were also found in wheat.
Wheat is certainly beneficial for gut health. The high fiber content of the wheat grains promotes a healthy gut flora. Wheat bran commonly serves as prebiotics. These are the food to the good bacteria in the gut.
Furthermore, wheat bran speeds up the passage of undigested material through the digestive tract. It also alleviates the risk of constipation in children.
Wheat may prevent the risk of colon cancer. It is the most common type of cancer in the digestive system. Whole wheat or other whole-grain cereals rich in fiber can be beneficial against it. The fibers, antioxidants, and phytonutrients found in whole-grain wheat are accredited for this benefit.
Summing up the whole story, whole grain wheat-rich diet can ease the complications related to diabetes and improve the overall condition. This is possibly great news for the people suffering from the condition.