A study, published in the Journal of Medicinal Food, discloses the anti-inflammatory potential of red peppers. The study specifically investigates the Capsicum baccatum species as a natural anti-inflammatory agent.
The researchers at the Catholic University Dom Bosco in Brazil and Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre (UFCSPA) conducted the study. They state that red peppers have bio-active complexes that can be beneficial in fighting against inflammation. Moreover, they can treat inflammation-related diseases.
Red peppers are a common spicy touch to the food. They have a distinct flavor. However, red peppers are not only used in cooking but also as medicines.
For the study, the researchers evaluated the anti-inflammatory effects of red pepper excerpts. They employed both the clinical trials and laboratory testing in order to validate the respective subject. They used butanol, dichloromethane, and residual aqueous red pepper juice for the study.
The results of the study declare that all red pepper extracts display an anti-inflammatory activity. Additionally, the red pepper extracts repress the paw edema in mice and neutrophils’ migration. Moreover, the red pepper extracts are really very helpful in decreasing the level of myeloperoxidase in the paw tissues of mice.
The red pepper extracts also prevent the production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and nitric oxide. The researchers consider that these anti-inflammatory effects are, in part, due to the bio-active compounds other than capsaicin.
Based on these discoveries, the researchers conclude that red pepper can be used as an anti-inflammatory agent to treat inflammation-related diseases.
In addition to red peppers, there are other powerful anti-inflammatory herbs available. These include cat’s claw (Uncaria tomentosa, Uncaria guianensis), ginger, garlic, guggul (Commiphora wightii), and tropical rose mallow (Hibiscus vitifolius)
Red peppers and its other health benefits
Red peppers are fruits of the plants from genus Capsicum. They are also known as chili peppers. Different kinds of red peppers are grown in different parts of the world, including America, India, Indonesia, China, the Philippines, Japan, Spain, Korea, and Mexico. Aside from culinary use, red peppers present various health benefits. Some of them are as follow,
Red peppers are beneficial for the brain. They are rich in iron, which boosts the production of hemoglobin and improves blood flow. Satisfactory amounts of oxygen and iron in the brain are helpful in increasing cognitive functioning. They ensure a decrease in the risk of cognitive problems, such as dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.
Red peppers are good for the eyes because they have vitamin A. Vitamin A is recognized for improving eyesight and preventing night blindness and age-related macular degeneration.
Red peppers are laden with the B-vitamin complex elements, such as niacin, riboflavin, and folate. These B vitamins are helpful to the body in various ways. Niacin can enhance cholesterol levels and lower the risk of cardiovascular diseases. While folate gives assistance in the production of healthy red blood cells and avoids anemia.
Red peppers help in red blood cell formation because they comprise of iron and copper. Both of these mineral elements are significant for making new blood cells. Iron deficiency can result in fatigue, anemia, and muscular weakness.
Red peppers also help lower high blood pressure. One tablespoon of red pepper covers 145 milligrams (mg) of potassium and 1.6 mg of sodium. This combination with folate aids to lower blood pressure and relax blood vessels, preserving the proper blood flow.
Red peppers keep the skin and hair healthy. The vitamin C content of red peppers is also helpful to keep the hair and skin healthy. Vitamin C helps produce and sustain collagen i.e. an important protein found in hair and skin.
Researchers are in continuous efforts to bring more experimental evidence regarding the subject. Moreover, they are trying to look into the mechanisms used by red peppers in bringing the desired results.