A recent research finds that African Lettuce can potentially neutralize the damages caused by oxidative stress on a living body. It has been used to treat conditions like dyslipidemia and liver diseases. Medical sciences link both of these conditions with oxidative stress.
African lettuce has already been widely used as food and medicine. Now, the research has come up with revealing its antioxidant potential. Moreover, it discovered the potential abilities of the plant in protecting against DNA oxidative damage.
The study regarding the respective subject was published in the Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine. The researchers of the study suggest that the leaf extract of African lettuce can potentially serve as a therapeutic agent in preventing diseases such as atherosclerosis and cancer i.e. associated with oxidative stress and DNA damage.
The study was led by the researchers from the Republic of Ghana. They conducted various in vitro tests in order to assess the antioxidant potential of the leaf extract of African lettuce.
The results of the tests revealed that African lettuce packs DNA protective properties and antioxidant activity in its leaf extract.
In addition, the respective leaf extract exhibited a strong potential in DNA damage protection. The researchers thus concluded that the African lettuce leaves could potentially be used as a therapeutic agent. They can prevent diseases associated with oxidative stress and DNA damage.
African lettuce isn’t the only source of antioxidants. Antioxidants are compounds produced in the body and obtained from a variety of foods. Antioxidants are important because they protect the cells from free radical damage. Free radicals are potentially harmful molecules that exert a state known as oxidative stress on a living body. Oxidative stress may damage your DNA and other essential cellular segments. Thus, it increases the risk of chronic diseases, such as Cardio-vascular diseases, Type 2 diabetes, and cancer.
A high level of antioxidant in the blood can reverse such situations. It can help fight oxidative stress and lower the risk of chronic health problems. A diet rich in antioxidants can serve the purpose.
Here is a list of dietary sources of antioxidants. Let’s have a look!
A 100 g serving of artichokes can get you around 4.7 millimoles (mmol) of antioxidants. Artichokes are particularly rich in chlorogenic acid. It is a potent antioxidant which may lower the risk of certain cancers, Type 2 diabetes, and heart disease.
Beets or beetroot are another great source of antioxidants. It is also rich in fiber, potassium, iron, and folate as well. They contain the antioxidants called betalains and are linked to great health benefits.
Blueberries are one of the best sources of antioxidants! Moreover, they are low in calories too. Blueberries are rich in anthocyanins. This antioxidant compound reduces the risk of heart disease and hinders the decline in brain-related activities with age. Similarly, strawberries also present a rich source of anthocyanins.
Dark chocolate is not only delicious but equally nutritious too. It serves as one of the best sources of antioxidants. A 100 g of dark chocolate comes with 15 mmol of antioxidants
Kale is a cruciferous vegetable, provides about 2.7 mmol of antioxidants per 100 g. It is rich in vitamins A, K, and C, and calcium as well.
Spinach is a nutrient-dense vegetable, packed with vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. It is low in calories and particularly abundant in Lutein and Zeaxanthin. These two antioxidants protect the eyes against free radical damage.