Diseases

Eyelid Bumps: Types, Causes, Treatment and When to see the Doctor

Eyelid bumps are red lumps appearing on the eyelids where the lash meets the lid. They are often harmful and do not require any medical treatment as they will go away with a home remedy or naturally with time.

However, it is recommended to consult a doctor if signs persist over longer time and painful symptoms start to interfere with the vision. Eyelid bumps are mostly not a cause for concern as they go away with time and are usually painless.

Simple treatments can always be opted for to speed up the healing process as they can be irritating. The reason for their occurrence is the oil glands which are meant to maintain healthy lashes. These glands can become infected or blocked which results in a bump over or under the skin.

Types of Eyelid Bumps

There are types of eyelid bumps depending on which there should be a treatment chosen as a remedy. The most common types include styes, chalazion, and xanthelasma.

The most common type of eyelid bumps is styes which form as a red bump near the eyelash. It may take a few days to form and can cause sensitivity to light. This type occurs when bacteria enters the oil glands of eyelids to cause further trouble. It is often seen as a red pimple or swollen bump which can be painful to touch.

image: Verywell hea;th / styes
image: PhanuwatNandee/istock

A chalazion is an inflamed lesion that grows more than a stye on the eyelid. It occurs when the oil glands get blocked and it can only be a cause of concern if it interferes with the vision otherwise it will go away on its own.

Image: The Merck Manuals
Image: The Merck Manuals

Xanthelasma is yellow bumps occurring in older adults mostly because of high cholesterol levels. The reason for their occurrence is the buildup of fats.

Image: Wikipedia
Image; Wikipedia

What Causes Bumps over or under Eyelids?

Inflammation of the eyelid cells may cause bumps to occur over or under the eye. The eyelash follicles having oil glands which are otherwise meant to support good health may get infected or blocked causing the skin to blister. The collection of fat under the skin causes red swollen bumps which typically go away within a few days.

How to Get Rid of Eyelid Bumps?

Eyelid bumps most often go away with home care remedies if taken well care of. It is advised not to squeeze an eyelid bump so as to prevent infection. The bacteria entering into the eyelash follicles often need some time to vanish but still, you can take action to speed up recovery if it irritates you much.

Warm compress application over a bump opens up any blockages and heals it faster. You may repeat the process when it turns cold and applies over the eyelid bump. Over the counter painkiller may also help get relief but it should only be chosen as an option if it’s necessary.

Only if the area gets infected will the doctor prescribe antibiotics which may be in form of an ointment, eye drops or oral antibiotics. Rarely does an eyelid bump require surgery to drain out the fatty cells?

When to See a Doctor?

Eyelid bumps are not considered as a thing of concern until and unless they persist for more than 2 or 3 weeks. Still, if the eyelid bump is particularly painful or is causing problems with the vision it is recommended to consult a doctor for assistance.

You should also see for symptoms if the swelling spreads and makes the eye red and sore and go see a doctor before the condition gets worse.

Can Eyelid Bumps be prevented?

Good hygiene practice is the key to stay away from any infections and this will work for eyelid bumps too. Washing hands with soap or hot water kill bacteria and prevent it from spreading over the skin.

You may also rinse eyelids every day to keep the fatty cells well hydrated. Moreover, controlling cholesterol levels will be of great help in preventing xanthelasma type bumps.

Areeba Hussain

The author is a Medical Microbiologist and a healthcare writer. She is a post-graduate of Medical Microbiology and Immunology with distinction. She is an author of six research papers and currently working as a research associate in a Research Lab.

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