Diseases

A beginner’s explanation to Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis is a combination of two diseases: psoriasis and arthritis. The former is a condition where the person develops dark red patches on the skin. These patches are then followed by arthritis or joint pain. However, in some circumstances, the pain may occur before. Either way, the situation happens to be intense and no direct cure has yet been discovered. The medical science community is in the current process of evaluating methods that can lessen the symptoms.

Psoriatic arthritis can affect nearly everyone, and the patches may occur anywhere on the body. The pain might start off as mild and will tend to intensify over time. In certain instances, the person’s mobility may be reduced to nil due to the severity of the pain.

This article will give a detailed explanation of the condition of psoriatic arthritis. It will explore the symptoms, causes of the condition and ways to overcome the complications.

What are the signs of Psoriatic Arthritis?

For every disease, it is important to be aware of all the symptoms and signs. By doing so will help the person to take necessary treatment procedures. Conditions like psoriatic arthritis can have symptoms that will tend to worsen with time. In that case, it is pertinent to recognize them and seek medical advice as soon as possible.

Patients with the condition will complain about severe pain in the joints. Often both the joints of the body will be affected while in other cases only one will be. The pain may come in episodes varying in time and intensity.

There are, moreover, other resulting symptoms which one should be aware of.

  • Fingers and toes will often swell. This usually happens before the joint pain results in and at times can cause deformity in the limbs.
  • The swelling is followed by pain in the foot region where the ligaments attach to the bones. People will report pain in the Achilles tendon or in the sole area.
  • The inflammation of the joints that connect the vertebra to the pelvis will result in a sheer amount of back pain. It is referred to as spondylitis and can cause the person to limp while walking or moving.

It is always important to consult the doctor for any chronic disease including psoriatic arthritis. Failure to see one can make the condition worsen over time and can affect everyday life. The most worrisome part of this illness is the severe damage that is inflicted onto the joints.

How is psoriatic arthritis caused?

There is no one straightforward cause as to why psoriatic arthritis may occur. However, medical scientists have been able to identify a number of contributors.

In very rare circumstances the immune system will start working improperly. It starts to damage the healthy grown cells of the joint’s region. This damage as a consequence will result in inflammation that leads to the development of the condition.

The question then arises: why does the immune system start working in this manner? Scientists are not really sure about the answer but they strongly believe that both environment and genetics play a role.

The genetic makeup of the person can have a gene where the gene of this condition may act as dominant. The person is then likely to inherit this disease from his/her parents. Thereby, if you have a family history of psoriatic arthritis then you are far more likely to be affected with this condition than anyone else.

On the other hand, the physical environment can also be not ruled out. Any physical injury (often serious)  will lead to the development of the condition. In addition, there have been reported cases where a bacterial infection was known to be the preparator.

Are some people at a higher risk than others?

For every illness there is, some people tend to be more vulnerable to infliction than others. In the case of psoriasis, there are three main factors that will automatically increase your chances of being diagnosed with psoriatic arthritis.

If you already have psoriasis, then chances are that you will be diagnosed with psoriatic arthritis. It is one of the common symptoms of psoriasis that develops in the later stage of the condition. It is important to look out for ulcers on the toenails because that can signify the likelihood of psoriatic arthritis.

Like mentioned before, a family history characterized by psoriatic arthritis makes the offspring more vulnerable to being diagnosed. The condition may continue for generations. However, on the fortunate side, genetic engineering has made it possible to remove the dominant gene from the body. This will in turn help reduce the chances of infliction.

The third factor that increases the risk is age. Statistics relating to the illness show that people who are 30+ are more likely to be affected than any other age group. The reason for that remains relatively unknown. However, it is argued that after a certain age, the functioning of the immune system may start to slow down.

Are there any related complications?

The signs of psoriatic arthritis are difficult to cope with themselves. To add to that, there have been instances where the condition led to further complications.

About 7-8% of the total affected population of psoriatic arthritis will develop another form of arthritis known as mutilan. This type can be extremely painful and people are unable to move around due to the discomfort. Arthritis multian starts attacking the bones in the limbs area which can cause permanent disability if left untreated.

Treating psoriatic arthritis naturally

So far, our discussion has highlighted the dark side of psoriatic arthritis and the readers would know how challenging the condition can be. On a slightly fortunate note, by considering some natural remedies, one can have control over the illness. By following certain footsteps you can lessen the complications as well as prevent yourself from infliction.

Exercising and maintaining a normal body weight is a must. There is no substitute for the advantages that can be gained out of physical workout especially when done in fresh air. A higher body weight exerts a tremendous amount of strain onto the joint which can cause sheer discomfort. Exercises performed should not include the ones that make excessive use of joints. Nutritionists believe that a mild form of cardio every day will do a lot well. Exercise should be matched with a healthy diet. A diet that contains fruits and green vegetables along with a sufficient amount of calcium will help lessen the symptoms. For calcium absorption, it is also important to include vitamin D in your diet.

The advice and treatment of a doctor should not be sidelined as he/she will be the one to help best when faced with such a situation. For family and friends, it is important for them to support the patient in the best way possible. Psoriatic arthritis apart from being physically painful can cause emotional stress as well.

 

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