Everyone has heard of a sinus infection. It has become so common that majority of the people might be diagnosed with it at least once in their lifetime. However, people often do not know what this infection is and what are some of the underlying symptoms. It is important to know all of this information so medical treatment can be planned timely. Failure to do so can complicate the condition and cause disturbance for the person.
What is a sinus infection?
Sinus infection is a short form for the medical term rhinosinusitis usually resulting from a virus invasion. The virus causes the inflammation of the nasal cavities and can be known to persist for longer periods of time. In some cases, there were known to be other contributors for the infection such as bacteria, allergy or fungi.
It is important to differentiate between an acute and chronic form of a sinus infection.
- Acute one is short lived not exceeding a duration time of more than 4 weeks. Any form of respiratory disease or cold in some situations will result in an acute sinus infection.
- Chronic type can live for a very long period of time usually months. Along with some common symptoms as that of acute, the chronic sinus infection can lead to major complications. A person will have nasal congestion followed by discharge and severe pain in the facial region.
In either case, whether you are diagnosed with an acute or chronic sinus infection, it is pertinent to see a doctor. The doctor will recommend treatment procedures which can counter the condition.
What are some of the signs of sinus infection?
There is a long list of symptoms that characterize a sinus infection. Often these symptoms will overlap. The patient may experience most of them at the same time which can be utterly painful to deal with. While on the other hand, people will only feel one or two signs of the disease. Regardless, one should be aware of the major symptoms of this condition.
Headaches in sinus infection are very common. Medical professionals explain that due to excessive swelling and high pressure in the sinuses. They can get worse in the mornings when the person wakes up. Usually, at night time, the fluid has accumulated in the region which contributes to headaches. In other cases, changes in the environmental condition can also intensify the problem.
Coughing and irritation in the throat
People who are diagnosed with sinus infection will report excessive coughing which causes severe irritation in the throat. The fluid that leaves the sinuses from the back of the throat contributes to this symptom. The coughing episodes may be intermittent but can persist for a longer period. It can push someone awake in the morning or in other cases cause sleeping difficulty. Thereby it is recommended to keep an uptight sleep position to prevent fluid accumulation.
A sore throat
A lot of the patients will also complain about having a sore throat during a sinus infection. The nasal drips that meet the throat area can cause irritation and pain. This may also lead to the accumulation of the mucus and throat inflammation. If the problem lasts for really long, then the doctor will prescribe an anti-allergic to take hold of the problem.
Apart from the above-mentioned signs of sinus infection to be aware of, there are other multiple symptoms. These symptoms may occur at times while may not be expressive in other situations. Some of them are mentioned below:
- A high-grade fever. The inflammation of the sinus region can lead to high temperature or fever.
- The pressure exerted in the region can also cause severe tooth pain.
- Swelling of the face often accompanied by general tenderness.
- Sneezing and watery eyes may result if the sinus infection results from an allergy.
The question of when to consult a doctor can be answered by observing the symptoms. Often the infection initiates with a dull aching pain in the body accompanied by a headache. People will tend to overlook this sign and may not seek medical treatment. Gradually, if other symptoms start getting expressive and persist for longer periods of time, consulting a professional is important.
What causes sinus infection?
There might be a whole list of reasons why a sinus infection will result in the first place. Doctors believe that anything that interferes the air passage getting into the sinuses will lead to the condition. The region may be inflamed and be blocked by the enlargement of the tissue walls that make up the area. This may occur because of allergies present in the air, colds or irritants like sprays.
Dehydration is known to be one other major cause of the sinus infection affecting many. Lack of water intake can as a consequence lead to the swelling of the tissue lining which results in sinusitis. Dehydration can also cause the mucus secretion to thicken resulting in complication of the condition.
In rare circumstances, a tumour present in the body was also known to have caused chronic sinus infection. The symptoms for this type lasted for months and worsened over time if no treatment was carried out.
Treatment of a sinus infection
On the fortunate side of the entire story, a sinus infection can both be prevented and treated. The field of medical science has highlighted a number of ways to do so. They may range from natural or herbal remedies to the use of synthetic medicines.
The use of medical drugs can be effective in stopping the complications of the infection. However, it is important to note that the medicines might be expensive and may have considerable side effects. Doctors would recommend using a nasal decongestant spray that will lessen the swelling of the tissue lining. A person using the spray should keep in mind to limit the usage to three days a week. Antihistamines might be recommended in other cases to curb the problem of allergies.
Naturally treating sinusitis
The natural ways of treating the condition mainly consist of herbal procedures originating in early Europe. These herbal remedies have recently gained prominence and can relieve the person of the infections effectively. At the same time, compared with synthetic drugs, they may be considerably cheaper.
Herbal oil extracted from the sorrel and verbena are used to treat a sinus infection. The mixture can be prepared at home or may be readily available at a herbal store. Research studies have validated the use of these oils. Symptoms were known to have lessened over time and the person recovered in matters of the week. The oil can be used for both acute and chronic sinus infection.
It is, however, always recommended to consult a professional before self-treating any condition.