The causes of dark circles

Dark Circles. The two words scare  a large number of people! This problem has almost affected everyone and rightly so the reason. People with dark circles are worried about their look since bag-like structures appear below the eyes. The condition can be inflicted by both men and women. However, females are more likely to suffer the problem of dark circles than males. The unfortunate side of the story is that it can be particularly difficult to remove them.

While nearly anyone can be inflicted with the condition, some people are more vulnerable than others. These include people who are aged and are non-white. A research found that white people stand with a lower chance of infliction compared with other races. In addition, a rare type of genetic disorder known as periorbital hyperpigmentation can also lead to dark circles. In either case, it is important to be aware of all the related causes and take necessary measures to treat them.

The common misunderstanding

One of the most common myths relating to dark circles is that it is caused by lack of sleep. Often when one is unable to get the required amount, there exist certain facial changes. One such change is the development of bags under the eyes. It is certainly true that lack of sleep is a major contributor towards this condition. This has been validated by a number of medical research studies. Yet it is also important to understand that there are other underlying factors to consider as well. Some of these causes can be serious requiring medical attention. If you are faced with such a scenario, it is important to consult a dermatologist on urgent basis.

We will now look at some of the causes of dark circles.


Let us see the reasons for the development of the condition. There is a long list of causes but the mains ones are mentioned as follows.

  1. Fatigue
  2. Eye Strain
  3. Genetics
  4. Excessive exposure to the sun
  5. Dehydration
  6. Ageing


People often assume fatigue to be the only cause of dark circles. A normal routine characterized by an 8-hour sleep will ensure the body works in a healthy manner. However, in certain situations, a person may be deprived of this bodily requirement. One might have to deal with examinations, birth period or any other personal issue. In that case, sleeplessness may become one big problem. As a consequence, dark circles followed by pouches under the eyelids develop.

The scientific explanation to this phenomena is that skin becomes pale as a consequence. This further leads to the formation of dark tissues which in turn expose the blood vessels.

Eye Strain

A long exposure to television or any other radiation may cause straining of eyes. The problem of eye strain is often overlooked. However, it can be of a major concern if not dealt in a timely manner. The side effects of eye strain can include pain and weakened sight. One other consequence is dark circles. Straining of eyes lead to the dilation of blood vessels under the eyes. This is primarily the reason why the condition develops in the first place.


A genetic disorder is one rather interesting cause of dark circles. You are far more likely to be faced with this problem if the condition has been running in your family. The field of medical science has revealed genetics to play as one major contributor towards the problem. The symptoms may start to first appear during childhood and can get expressive as time proceeds. However, in certain cases, the signs may stop showing altogether. Families having a history of thyroid disease stand with a higher chance of infliction. There is not much a person can do about this cause except following some natural remedies that are available.

Excessive Exposure to Sun

Walking in the sun can be both fun and troublesome at times. While scientific research has revealed sunlight to contain Vitamin D, there is another side to consider as well. A long exposure to sun, especially during mid-day, can induce the body to secrete melanin. Melanin is responsible for providing a distinct pigment to the skin. When your body is faced with too much sunlight, a lot of melanin is secreted as a consequence. This causes the skin to darken which in turn leads to the development of dark circles. This explains as to why outdoor sportsmen are more likely to be suffering from this problem.


If you are dehydrating then your chances of developing dark circles increase dramatically. A lack of water intake can be highly consequential. It not only dulls the skin but makes the eyes look swollen. Thereby, make it a point to replenish your body with essential fluids to avoid the development of this condition.


One other factor that causes the formation of dark circles is ageing. Older people are more likely to have this condition compared to the young age group. This is because, with age, the skin texture tends to become thinner, as a result, causing the development. It is also important to note that skin fat together with collagen helps increase elasticity. With age, these two qualities wither off. The consequence of which is the visibility of blood vessels beneath the skin.

How to Treat Dark Circles?

The fortunate side of the entire discussion tells a very different story. The problem while may appear to be serious to some people. In fact, can be overcome by carrying out a number of home-based natural remedies. Doing so is easy and cost-effective. In addition, you may not need to see the medical professional at all! Some of the following home-based techniques for treating dark circles are mentioned below.

Cold Compress

Applying a cold compress is effective and one quick method of reducing dark circles. Two or three ice cubes should be taken and should be wrapped in any cloth. The wrap is then pressed with the eyes. The process is carried out for almost 15 to 20 minutes. This decreases the eye swelling and helps in dilating blood vessels contained in the region.

Using Tea Bags

Scientific research studies have revealed tea bags to be an effective remedy in treating dark circles. Tea bag should be taken in a rather dry or cold state. They then should be applied to the eyes to enhance skin texture. Once the process is carried out, the face should be rinsed thoroughly. The antioxidants present in tea are vital nutrients that aid in liquid retention.

Maintaining a sleep schedule

Needless to say, maintain a healthy routine characterized by an ample amount of sleep. Try not to fatigue yourself by overexerting the body. Even if the situation demands a lot of physical labour, try taking out time in between to get rest. Professionals would recommend getting about 7 to 8 hours of sleep daily for healthier skin appearance.




Areeba Hussain

Areeba is an independent medical and healthcare writer. For the last three years, she is writing for Tophealthjournal. Her prime areas of interest are diseases, medicine, treatments, and alternative therapies. Twitter @Areeba94789300

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