A detailed guide to sprained ankle

Our body’s skeletal system has a vital role to play. It provides supports and aids everyday movement. However, the ligaments, joints or bones contained in the system are often subjected to injury.

The lower leg is connected to the foot by the ankle joint. As powerful as this region might be, often gets injured or sprained. This results when any twisting motion leads to considerable damage. There might be an exhaustive list of causes that might cause this condition. It can happen if you walk or jog frequently on an uneven surface. At times, a sudden exertion of force can also result in a sprained ankle. This might explain the reason why sportsmen are more prone to this condition than any other group. The situation can be painful and may be utterly uncomfortable. Even so, with sprained ankle people might often be bedridden.

If you happen to be inflicted with an ankle sprain, it is important to consult a medical professional on urgent basis. You might be prescribed with painkillers to relieve the pain. If the situation happens to be immensely serious, then a surgery might be recommended. There are synthetic as well as natural ways of treatment. The latter if carried out properly, can yield meaningful results with minimal side effects.

This article is the all you need to guide to develop a thorough understanding of sprained ankle.

What are some of the common causes of a sprained ankle?

A sprained ankle can nearly be caused by anything. Usually when excessive force is exerted on the ligaments connecting the foot to the lower leg, the condition results. The force twists the ankle inwards which is the main cause of severe pain.

While there may be a long list of causes of a sprained ankle, the following list describes some of the common ones. It is thereby pertinent to be aware of them and take the necessary steps to avoid the problem in the best way possible.

  • Running/jogging/walking on uneven rugged surfaces for long periods of times. If the track where you perform these activities does not happen to be flat, then the problem may result. Moreover, experts also believe that spending a great amount of time on treadmills also make the ankle vulnerable to sprain.
  • Taking irregular steps. Even if your walking track happens to be flat and smooth, you can still develop the condition. If your steps aren’t formulated properly which puts pressure on the ankle, then you become vulnerable to sprains.
  • Other demanding sports particularly basketball and rugby. Players will tend to physically injure opponents by stepping on the ankle etc. This may twist the foot inwards.

All of these causes should be kept in mind and precautionary measures should be taken henceforth. Otherwise, the condition may intensify over time making the person immobile.

What are the symptoms of a sprained ankle

A sprained ankle is usually caused by inflammation in the region. While inflammation is important in the healing process, a more severe form can be a cause for concern. The blood flow is increased to the area accompanied by the clustering of white blood cells. The entire process results in swelling, discomfort and redness. Swelling at times becomes so intense, that even touching can be utterly painful.

The pain, on the other hand, can last for days usually fluctuating with time. There might be episodes where simple tasks like getting out from bed may be difficult to carry out. People who suffer from sprained ankle may find that walking or standing without support enhances the pain.

Finally, the inflammation in the ankle might cause redness in the region. This is because, as mentioned earlier, the body tends to increase blood flow to the said region.

Is medical treatment always necessary?

Taking an advice from a medical professional should not be overlooked. Often self-diagnosing can result in the further complications of the condition. To avoid that, it is always better to see your nearest orthopaedic doctor for consultation.

If the pain happens to be severe to the extent where it is making the person immobile, then a medical care needs to be executed. Painkillers, however, may provide with a temporary relief. Yet they should not be consumed without any proper prescription.

In frequent instances, the ankle might become twisted or inverted failing to improve within a week time. This makes the person bed rode as he/she is unable to walk or stand properly. In that case, it is of utmost responsibility to seek medical treatment in the quickest possible time.

The orthopaedic surgeon will carry out certain examinations to validate the concerns he/she might have. The tests might be carried out to accurately detect the region that is suffering from the problem. They are also done to ensure that no nerve damage was caused in the entire process. Physical examinations will include looking for Achilles tendon, handling and moving of foot etc. X-Rays are also frequently carried out but are not always preferred over physical tests.

Are there any natural remedies to treat a sprained ankle?

There is a fortunate side to the entire aforementioned discussion. Though sprained ankle might appear to of a serious concern, natural remedies can help overcome the problem. These natural remedies are cost-effective and can yield positive results in the lowest possible time. In addition, they may be easily carried out at home!

Home Care Techniques

The home care techniques and remedies are advised to lessen the amount of pain and discomfort. If however, the symptoms tend to last for days then seek your nearest orthopaedic surgeon for a further consultation.  The home care techniques comprise of resting, icing, compressing and elevating. Continue practising these 4 techniques to master the art of natural treatment for a sprained ankle.

Resting is itself not a direct cure for the condition but is important nevertheless. A person should rest to prevent him/herself from further injuries which can complicate the problem to a greater extent.

Icing is one of the most effective natural remedies for a sprained ankle. It is carried out to lessen the problem caused by inflammation. Icing not only reduces the swelling but can lessen the redness at the same time. It will smoothen the enhanced blood flow to the region. Altogether, icing is a necessary step in dealing with pain and discomfort resulting from inflammation.

Compressing is advised when one focused on lessening the swelling caused as a consequence. Putting on specialized braces on to the ankle can help provide support to the area. However, care needs to be taken as to not exert an extra amount of pressure. Compression wraps available at any drug store can also be used for this purpose.

Elevating is a technique that calls for raising in the foot in an elevated position. This will help decrease the increased blood flow to the region.

Areeba Hussain

Areeba is an independent medical and healthcare writer. For the last three years, she is writing for Tophealthjournal. Her prime areas of interest are diseases, medicine, treatments, and alternative therapies. Twitter @Areeba94789300

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