Dark circles are a common problem among people these days. Busy life schedules, hectic routines, and unhealthy habits contribute to the situation. People often spend a heavy amount on treating this problem, especially girls. However, most of them end up disappointed.
The respective article discusses the common causes and some natural, convenient, and remedial measures one can adopt to get rid of these dark spots deteriorating the beauty of eyes.
What are dark circles?
Dark circles or periorbital dark circles are dark blemishes around the eyes. They are also known as dark circles, periorbital hyperpigmentation or infraorbital venous stasis. There are many causes of dark circles including lack of sleep, bruising, and heredity.
In men and women, dark circles under their lower eyelids are very common and they are often accompanied by bags. These circles can make you look older than you are. Most of the times it becomes difficult to get rid of them.
Although dark circles can affect anyone, however; they are more common in people who,
- are elderly
- have a genetic predisposition to this condition
- are from non-white ethnic groups because darker skin tones are more susceptible to hyperpigmentation around the eye area
Fatigue is the most logical cause of this condition but there are other factors contributing to dark circles.
What is causing the dark circles under your eyes?
Dark circles can be due to a variety of different causes. Alcohol, fatigue, lack of sleep, and illnesses generally cause these circles to appear. The combination of a fair complexion and thin skin if present is also responsible for this.
Some of the common causes of dark circles under the eyes are described below:
- Heredity Dark circles are often an inherited trait and may appear in childhood under the eyes of children. Some children will get rid of them, but others will not.
- Allergies Nasal congestion dilates the blood vessels which drain from the area around the eyes, thus causing them to darken.
- Sleep deprivation It is the most common cause of dark circles and also the easiest to prevent them. But oversleeping can also cause dark eye circles. So, every person should take an ideal sleep.
- Stress Most people who are stressed out usually have sleep problems. They may suffer from disturbed sleep, toss and turn or persistent thinking of not getting sleep. They often wake up tired and sleepy in the morning.
- Iron deficiency can also cause dark circles by preventing the blood from carrying sufficient oxygen to eye tissues.
- Minor trauma can also cause the appearance of a black eye.
Additional causes for dark circles under your eyes
Excessive crying or weeping can also lead to dark circles.
Change of lifestyle is a major cause for dark circles nowadays. Excessive drinking or smoking contribute majorly to under-eye circles. Also, the people who drink too much coffee or use cocaine have difficulty getting enough sleep and develop dark circles. Junk, preservative-heavy food and lack of fresh salads in diet cause skin to look sick and give dark circles.
- Computer hours
Long hours in front of the computer can be distressing for the eyes. It can lead to stressing of eyes and dark circles. Cup your eyes in your palms every hour for the relaxation of eye muscles as it improves blood circulation.
- Fluid retention
An excess amount of salt in the diet causes fluid retention throughout the body—including underneath your eyes. Thus, developing dark circles. Fluid retention may also occur in pregnancy or weight gain.
- Skin pigmentation abnormalities
The skin is thinner around the eyes, thus causing visibility of your blood vessels through it.
- Excessive exposure to the sun
Too much sun exposure encourages your body to produce more melanin. Melanin is a pigment that gives skin its color. It is also a reason for dark circles.
As we get older, some of the fat and collagen surrounding our eyes are lost. This loss, combined with the skin thinning, magnifies the appearance of dark eye circles.
It causes the eyes to look swollen and puffy. This can be partly due to the fatigue which people feel when they are suffering from it. And partly because this illness causes a yellowing of eyes and the skin around them. This condition is also known as jaundice.
Some natural remedies for treating dark circles
Massage gently in the circular motion by mixing coconut oil and almond oil around the eyes. Leave it for about an hour and use it daily.
You can also make the following eye mask to use it regularly. You can store it in the fridge and it will easily last up to 1 week without going bad.
Ground fresh coconut
- A few drops of lemon juice
- 2 tsp grated cucumber
- 1 tsp fresh cream
- 3 tsp china clay
Mix these ingredients together nicely and then keep in the fridge. Apply the mask over the eyes after covering them with cotton gauge. The pack should be applied carefully as it does not drip into eyes. Then you can lie down in a cool place and relax. This can be ideally left on for a minimum of 20 minutes. Then mildly wash it with milk and then with water.
Cucumber for dark circles
A fresh cucumber is needed. Cut it into thick slices and place them in the refrigerator for about 30 minutes. Take two slices and place them on the eyes, ensuring that they wholly cover the affected area. Leave them on for about 10 minutes, and wash eyes with cold water. It should be done twice a day for about a week. Cucumber contains many antioxidants like orienting and cucurbitacins. These antioxidants help treat under eye dark circles.
Tomato eye toner
Mix lemon juice with fresh tomato juice and massage the eye area daily with this. Leave the toner on a skin for about 20 minutes and then wash with coconut water.
Tomatoes work wonders for dull and tired eyes. It contains a chemical known as lycopene, which can treat many skin problems like age spots, tanning, dark circles to fighting cancer. It is also a rich source of vitamins A, B and C and minerals such as calcium, sulfur, and potassium.
Most of us have realized the whims of too much sugar in tea or coffee. So, we have switched over to healthier replacements like herbal teas and drinks with zero sugar. If you too drink herbal teas, never throw the tea bags but try to keep them refrigerated and use these on the eyes especially after doing an eye massage. Chamomile tea bags are magnificent for this. They have proven to lighten the eye area dramatically!
Aloe vera gel
Aloe contains 18 essential amino acids. It has numerous anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and many other healing properties. It has excellent soothing properties. Aloe vera also moisturizes the skin and provides relief thus helping to get rid of dark circles.
Coconut oil for dark circles
A few drops of virgin coconut oil have nourishing and moisturizing properties which promote the skin’s health. Pat the oil on the skin carefully under your eyes. Massage very gently in clockwise and anti-clockwise motions for a few minutes. Leave it overnight. Repeat this every night before going to bed. This process gradually reduces the ugly dark circles.
Rosewater (Gulab Jal) for dark circles
Take two cotton balls and soak them fully in rose water. Place them under your eyes and leave for 15 minutes and then wash with cold water. Do this daily for four weeks to get good results. Rose water has antioxidant properties which help in strengthening the skin cells, thus helping you in getting rid of dark circles.