People often tend to disregard stomach pain as being mere indigestion or acidity problem, however, the issue is more grave than what the person perceives it to be. In the US alone, there will be an increase in 20000 cases of stomach cancer this year, while almost 20% of the adult population at some point will face the problem of Irritable Bowel Syndrome. In any case, it is important to not invalidate any instance of stomach pain as it may indicate the presence of an underlying serious complication.
Abdominal or stomach pain is the situation of discomfort in the region located between the chest and the pelvis. There are known to be a number of causes for the pain. However, in the majority of the cases, a muscle strain will be an important contributor. Symptoms may differ in terms of the intensity of the pain. With proper medications and professional medical guidance, the condition may significantly lessen.
This article will discuss some of the probable causes of stomach pain.
You will often hear people complaining about stomach pain. There may be a number of underlying causes.
Stomach flu is commonly referred to medically as Gastroenteritis. The reason for its unique name is that usually with the infliction of this condition, symptoms similar to flu will occur. The patient feels nausea and will experience frequent fluid filled stools. In the majority of the cases, the former resulting after ingestion of meals.
The stomach flu is caused by certain bacterial microorganisms residing in the body and is characterized by cramps, bloating and vomiting. Usually, by taking an antibiotic, one is able to minimize the symptoms to a very large extent. However, if the condition still continues to exist, then there may be inflammation in the bowel region.
We have probiotics existing in our body that aid a smooth execution of the digestive process. In frequent instances, the bacteria will break food substances that are unable to be absorbed by the bloodstream. As a consequence, a person experiences intestinal pain coupled with amplification of the gaseous pressure in the region.
On the other hand, when eating and drinking we tend to inhale some air particles that the body finds intolerable. This air gets collected in the intestine mainly composing of carbon dioxide and sulfur. With an excessive buildup, the person is subjected to serious discomfort. As a result, he or she might feel the urge to pass wind more than usual.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
IBS or Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a sign of a disruption caused in the large intestine region. When certain food items like those that contain too much fiber, sugar content and fats will trigger IBRS. The consequences of which are gas and bloating followed by constipation.
The interesting thing about vomiting is that it is both a cause and a consequence of stomach pain. When a person vomits, especially in the state of the empty stomach, then the acid travels backwards from the gut to the mouth. This acid is responsible for killing certain micro-organisms that harm the bodily systems. However, in the case of vomiting, it will cause irritation in the stomach tissues. If a person finds him/herself vomiting frequently, then medical assistance needs to be considered. This is because often times, abdominal muscles will become sore.
Travelling back of acid is sometimes categorized as acid reflux. Around 30% of the European population will face the problem more than thrice a year. Acid reflux can be painful to deal with because patients are known to suffer from severe heartburn. By using synthetic medicines, the treatment can be fetched effectively.
If the digestive tract is subjected to inflammation, then Crohn’s Disease results. The field of medical science is still in the incumbent process of evaluating the exact cause of this condition. It is, however, believed that it results due to certain amendments in the diet. Even so, dealing with paramount stress can also exacerbate the problem. People with Crohn’s Disease will find themselves malnourished and will experience rapid weight loss within a short span of time
The monthly menstruation cycle that characterizes a female’s life will subject to severe cramps and pain in the abdominal region. Menstrual cramps may cause other conditions to result like bloating or constipation. Women who have been diagnosed with endometriosis, an incurable gynaecological condition will face severe chronic pain during period discharge.
Urinary Tract Infection
The E. Coli species belonging to the bacterial family can sometimes multiply in the bladder region causing cystitis, which is inflammation of the bladder wall. When this happens, the person will find difficulty urinating due to the severity of the pain. The condition is treatable but due to the sheer amount of discomfort, it often requires immediate consultation of a medical professional. Looking for cloudy coloured urine is one way of detecting cystitis. The symptoms of this ailment can cause immense bloating and abdominal pain which essentially reduces mobility.
Other Serious Medical Illnesses
As mentioned earlier, sometimes stomach can be a larger indicator of an underlying serious medical illness. The aforementioned list of conditions was known to be less severe and can be easily treatable. All that may be demanded is to consult a medical doctor who will prescribe certain medications. In other cases, the following disease has stomach pain as a side effect:
- Hepatitis: Hepatitis will though affect the liver, but in some circumstances, the pain translates into abdominal cramps
- Presence of kidney stones: A person having kidney stones in his/her body will experience frequent episodes of the stomach and intensive back pain
- Appendicitis: When the appendix gets ruptured, it will cause the side abdominal region to experience a grave amount of pain. Appendix removal operations are frequently carried out successfully nowadays
- Cardiovascular Condition: Commonly Angina, a discomfort in the lower chest and upper abdominal region. The pain supposedly lasts for 15 to 20 minutes. Angina itself is not categorized as a medical illness. Rather, it is one of the symptoms for an underlying heart disease
- A hiatus Hernia: When the upper portion of the stomach bulges out of the abdominal cavity causing immense discomfort and pain.
Consulting a Medical Doctor
A lot of the home remedies may be applied for the treatment of stomach pains. In most of the cases, these natural procedures will prove out to be effective. Symptoms can be reduced to nil while with no particular side effects. Some of the commonly practised natural remedies may include having apple cider, ginger water or massaging the abdominal region. Synthetic medications like antacids are easily available at nearly every drug store. Antacid will help overcome acid reflux, one of the major contributors towards stomach pain.
Meanwhile, in other cases, if the intensity of the pain is known to amplify with time, duration has extended more than usual then the medical doctor needs to be consulted. There are other symptoms which may call for a serious cause of concern. The symptoms include witnessing rapid weight loss, rectal bleeding, diarrhoea and vaginal discharge. In rare circumstances, an emergency treatment may be sought when a person appears to have witnessed any of the following things:
- Difficulty urinating
- High degree fever and exhaustion
- Unconsciousness and instances of passing out
- Chest pain as it may be linked to the underlying cardiovascular condition