Your Guide To Liposuction| Understanding the Science Behind It

Obesity is increasingly becoming common, nearly affecting every third person in the world. A number of medical complications can result due to obesity. Some of them can develop to such an extent where they become fatal. For obvious reasons, nutritionists would recommend following a schedule that is marked by physical exercise.

As it may be the best possible way to shed off extra fat from the body. However, for some people, it may be difficult and, in some cases, impossible to carry out.

Modern advancement has witnessed an increase in the popularity of liposuction. It is a cosmetic surgery, carried out (and should always be) by a dermatologic surgeon to remove excess fat from a person’s body. Essentially, obtaining the needed results, that might have been achieved through physical exercise.

People will often resort to liposuction if they find themselves unable to amend dietary requirements or undertake the exercise. The possible reasons for the latter being: body pain, weak bones, and muscles or the busy schedule which make it all more difficult to follow a healthy pattern.

Liposuction may be able to achieve the desired results and the person undergoing it may turn out to be leaner than before. It can be carried out effectively on the hips, thighs, stomach, buttocks or arms. The further groundbreaking discoveries in the field of medical science have even made it possible to carry out the surgery in other body areas. Now people can have a proper facelift (by removing extra fat from the facial region) or breast reductions.

Yet there are always suspicions in the mind of people before they subject themselves to liposuction. The reasons might be rightly justified. For, medical scientists still await a final verdict on the full safety of the procedure. The issues relating to the development of further medical complications, or being unable to maintain a healthy lifestyle ever again, make liposuction even more dubious.

When should I get a liposuction?

If you are someone who has grave concerns about your skin then liposuction may not really be the best option. Often, post-procedure results in the development of cellulite. Which is a condition that gives skin a lumpy texture?

In the normal circumstances, cellulite would affect the buttocks. However, after liposuction is executed, it may start to affect the said region.

In addition, the surgery is not suitable for all candidates. Medical professionals would ascribe a checklist of all necessary requirements that should be met before liposuction is carried out. The person should be a non-tobacco smoker and have an elastic skin.

Only if there is a 30% deviation from the normal BMI, can a person expect to have successful results yielding from the surgery? People who have had a medical history of any cardiovascular illness or hypertension should never resort themselves until advised by a professional.

What is Important to Know?

Liposuction will often be carried out in a surgery center or a hospital. However, there are still some guidelines you need to be cautious about. Typically, the place of surgery should be credited with state-of-the-art facilities and be recognized by the government.

Recent times have experienced the rise of underground procedures being held which can prove to be dangerous for the patient. Since no medical precautions are considered. Thereby, as a first mandatory step, make sure the hospital/center/clinic is acknowledged for its good services.

In addition, it is important to keep the following points in mind pre and post-surgery:

  1. Stay overnight at the hospital if you don’t find yourself completely fit. Driving back home on your own is strongly advised against since a person may be subjected to episodes of unconsciousness
  2. It is okay to have photos taken of the area that is going to be surgically treated. The doctor may use it for comparisons
  3. Getting an anesthesia is common. It can be either local or general. The former allowing the person to be awake but numbing the sensations. While the general anesthesia puts the person entirely in an unconscious state


There are three broad types of liposuction procedure. The three will vary slightly in the execution of the steps but have some common characteristics. In all three procedures, the cannula tube will act as the suction instrument responsible for removing the excess fat from the body.


How is it performed?

Tumescent Liposuction Most people will have this type of liposuction. A sterile solution consisting of saline and lidocaine is injected into the area where the surgery is going to be performed. This allows lessening the intensification of the pain. At the same time minimizing the blood loss.
UAL Ultrasound Assisted Liposuction. The sound waves are transmitted to the region pre-surgery to liquify the fat. Followed by suction
SmartLipo A laser technique essentially performing the same function as that of UAL


What is Next? Post Surgery

Depending on which surgery is undertaken, your doctor will decide whether you need to extend your stay at the hospital. Usually, the patient is discharged within 2 to 3 days post-surgery. However, there might be some consequences you may face as a result. Though short-lived, a person who had a liposuction will face:

  • Swelling
  • Bruises in the area
  • Soreness (it will typically last for weeks)

To lessen the swelling, people are often advised to make changes in their clothing. A compression garment can be used as a viable alternative to normal clothing. These apparel amendments may need to be followed for the next month or so.

Antibiotics will normally be prescribed to fight off any invading micro-organisms. This is because, in the post-surgery phase, the person makes him/herself vulnerable to a number of infections.

As mentioned earlier, the side effects will not last for long and shifting back to the normal routine is possible. Yet, all the necessary steps should be rectified to prevent any further medical complication.

Is Liposuction Safe?

Anything, in this modern world, that has gained a bit of prominence will be regarded as safe. People may start blindly following the execution even when there is no sufficient evidence to back the findings. Liposuction, with all the popularity, that it has witnessed may still bring about an exhaustive list or associated risks. For example, people undertaking this cosmetic surgery may subject themselves to:

  1. Complications resulting from anesthesia (regaining conscious late, nausea/vomiting)
  2. Bleeding in the operated area
  3. Uneven body texture
  4. Numbing of sensations
  5. MRSA infections that may take a long time to treat due to its antibiotic resistive property
  6. Nerve Damage
  7. The organ in the area can be damaged
  8. Fluid accumulation
  9. Development of blood clots.

The above-mentioned risks need to be kept in mind before having a liposuction done. Doctors try their best to minimize the risks involved yet the possibility of a consequential damage still exists.

In no circumstances, should one get the procedure executed by a non-professional. For that, it may intensify the complications caused by liposuction.



Areeba Hussain

Areeba is an independent medical and healthcare writer. For the last three years, she is writing for Tophealthjournal. Her prime areas of interest are diseases, medicine, treatments, and alternative therapies. Twitter @Areeba94789300

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