What is Lyme Disease?

Lyme disease is caused by a bacterium called Borrelia burgdorferi. It is transmitted to humans via the infected blacklegged ticks’ bite. They are mostly present on the grassy or bushy areas or you can get in contact with such ticks while gardening etc.  

Symptoms of Lyme Disease 

The symptoms of the Lyme Disease depend upon the stage of the disease. If the disease is diagnosed earlier then following are the symptoms of early diagnosis. 

Early Stage Symptoms 

The early stage symptoms start appearing after 3 to 30 days of the tick bite. The early stage symptoms of Lyme disease include: 

  • Fever 
  • Chills 
  • Headache  
  • Fatigue 
  • Muscle and Joint aches  
  • Swollen lymph nodes.  
  • Erythema Migrans rash.  

Erythema Migran rash is likely to occur in 70-80 percent of the infected persons. It starts appearing after 7 days on an average. Upon touching, it may feel warm but is hardly itchy or painful. As the rash starts increasing in size, it can result in the appearance of a Bull’s eye which can appear on any area of the body.  

Late Stage Symptoms 

If the Lyme Disease is left untreated on its earlier stages then it is expected that the symptoms may start occurring after days or months of the disease. The symptoms on this stage may include: 

  • Neck stiffness and severe headache 
  • Presence of Erythema Migran on different parts of the body 
  • Severe joint pain such as in large joints i.e. Knee joints etc  
  • Irregular pain in muscles, tendons, and joints   
  • Memory problems such as short-term memory loss 
  • Pain in nerves or numbness in other parts of the body such as hands, feet etc.  

How can Tick Bites be avoided? 

The presence of tick bites is likely to have on the people, on the pets. It is possible that the tick bites could be present in your yard.  Tick Bites are expected to be present in longleaf grassy or wooded areas. So, make sure that after you come inside from anywhere, you check the following parts of your body: 

  • Check your underarms. 
  • Check inside your ear or around it. 
  • Check the belly-button. 
  • Check your hairs and the area around your waist. 

Tick Bites can be prevented from occurring on the pets by using prevention products.  

Treatment for Lyme Disease 

If the Lyme disease gets diagnosed in its early days and gets treated concurrently then the following treatment can be sought after discussing with your health-care doctor. There are three drugs which can be used for treating your Lyme disease: 

1) Doxycycline 

Use Doxycycline and it is expected that you use 100mg twice per day orally for 10-21 days. This is for adults. For children, use 50 mg/kg orally which should be given two times daily.  

2) Cefuroxime axetil 

The other drug for the treatment of Lyme disease is Cefuroxime axetil. For adults, use Cefuroxime axetil and take 500 mg twice per day orally for 14-21 days. For children, 30 mg/kg per day orally which should be given two times a day.  

3) Amoxicillin 

The third drug for the treatment is Amoxicillin. For adults, use 500 mg orally three times a day for 14-21 days. For children, use 50 mg/kg per day orally into three doses.  

Before you seek the above treatment, please consult your nearest doctor. 

Use Natural Tick Repellents and Pesticides   

As precautionary measures, you can use Natural Tick Repellents or pesticides, which can be used on skin or clothing. This is an effective way of preventing ticks from getting stuck on your clothes/skin etc. 

If you find the above symptoms appearing in you then we recommend you to consult your nearest doctor immediately.  


  •  https://www.cdc.gov/lyme/index.html 



Areeba Hussain

Areeba is an independent medical and healthcare writer. For the last three years, she is writing for Tophealthjournal. Her prime areas of interest are diseases, medicine, treatments, and alternative therapies. Twitter @Areeba94789300

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