Understanding Headaches

Is there anyone in the world who has never had a headache? In some cases, you can solve this pesky problem by yourself, yet, sometimes you should see a doctor immediately.

This article is your detailed guide to understanding the types of headaches and the best ways to get rid of them.

Tension Headache

This is the most frequent type of headache in the world experienced by almost everyone in this world at least once in their lives. Following are some of the characteristics of this illness:

  1. Tension Headache often causes a pressure that feels like you are wearing a tight band around your forehead.
  2. You might feel severe tension and spasms around your eyes and upper forehead
  3. You feel a dull gnawing pain. Most often the intensity of the pain enhances as the day proceeds, from morning to evening

What causes this headache? The main factors that seem to contribute to tension headaches are severe stress, fatigue, poor posture and holding the head in an improper position for a long time. Chronic tension headaches are rare and often are associated with head or neck injuries.

How to get rid of it? You can take any appropriate painkiller but only occasion usage is recommended. If headaches occur frequently and last for a long time, consult your physician. Moreover, it is important to be physically active by stretching your shoulders/neck regularly and spending more time outdoors.

Sinus Headache

This type of headache is caused by sinusitis and is often accompanied by severe facial swelling and tension in the forehead and cheekbone. The main symptoms of this headache include:

  1. Feeling a deep pressure and pain in the forehead region around the eyebrows, under the eyes. The pain usually gets stronger when you move your head sharply.
  2. This headache might also lead to a running or blocked nose
  3. Feeling tired and fatigue

There are also common complications after a cold or during a seasonal allergy. Keep in mind that sinus headaches rarely go away on their own. If you have an allergy, antihistamines may help. In other cases, it is best to see a doctor who will most probably prescribe antibiotics. The natural remedies for treating this headache will entail a thorough flushing of the nasal passages, keeping the body hydrated and getting rid of all allergy-causing substances with air filter system. Using food items such as mustard, hot peppers and curry can relive the majority of the associated symptoms.


A migraine is often associated with a violation of the metabolic processes and a dilation of blood vessels in the brain. A person may also inherit the ability to get the migraine condition. All symptoms of this headache occur during a migraine attack that progresses through four main stages:

  1. The initial stage is known as Prodrome and it lasts for one to two days. You feel irritable, fatigued, and have a seriously altered appetite.
  2. The second stage is called Aura. It usually lasts for up to 30 minutes. As a result, the patient becomes sensitive to light, feels tingling and numbness, and might have speech disorders.
  3. Resolution is the third stage lasting up to 24 hours. The person feels fatigued, and have trouble concentrating on daily tasks
  4. The last is the Headache itself and can continue for 2 straight days during which one feels severe throbbing pain

Unfortunately, there are no straight cures for a Migraine, although, a number of treatments are available to help ease the symptoms and lessen the pain caused as a result. It is imperative to see the doctor to choose the right one. Moreover, a commitment to daily exercise will help to improve health significantly.

Cluster Headache

Cluster headaches, unlike the three above-mentioned types, occur rarely affecting just 1% of the entire US population. Males are more vulnerable to this headache than females.

Cluster headache may cause a stabbing pain behind or around the eyes usually on one side of the head. It frequently develops during sleep. The pain usually lasts from 15 minutes to one hour, gradually intensifying with time.

Symptoms may include:

  • Redness of the eyes
  • Being sensitive to light causing lacrimation (flow of tears)

Studies are being extensively carried out to study this illness and a final conclusive evidence for its cause still awaits. However, medical scientists feel that cluster headaches are most often linked to a disruption in the body’s biological process. Treating it can be tricky because the pain appears and disappears spontaneously without any notice. Consulting a medical professional should not be sidelined who will prescribe medications accordingly.

Hangover Headaches

We hear many versions of why people often have headaches after a night of drinking alcohol. One study suggests that the chemical substances present in alcohol and other hard liquors are responsible for blood vessel dilation and affect serotonin in the body. A low level of serotonin is linked with mood disruption and depression. Moreover, alcohol promotes water loss leading to dehydration that is a major migraine trigger.

The main symptoms of Hangover Headaches are throbbing, or dull aching pain accompanied by tightness/heaviness in the facial region.

The best remedy is to first cut down excessive liquors and keep the body hydrated with water. Use of detox drinks to detoxify the liver is also recommended. A medical profession would most likely suggest the use of painkillers to inhibit the severe pain caused by this headache. Getting plenty of sleep at night time can also promote healthy function of the body.

How to Treat All Types of Headaches Naturally?

If you are experiencing a headache and there is no painkiller available, the situation may seem hopeless and infuriating at the same time. However, the problem may not seem that deplorable. There is a scientific way to get rid of a headache called acupressure, a technique that considerably lessens the pain quickly and effectively.

Acupressure is a kind of massage, the effectiveness of which is confirmed by numerous scientific studies. By its nature, it is a form of acupuncture and reflex therapy and does not require any special medical knowledge to carry it out. It is important to know and massage the acupressure points.

The first step entails taking a comfortable position and relaxing completely. The massage doesn’t take much time (on average 30 seconds to 1 minute). There are four main points to get rid of a headache easily and quickly. Massage the points with a light press or circular movements. Usually, the headache disappears during the massage or 5 to 10 minutes after it.

The four points are as follows:

  1. Yintang Point: It is the point of the third eye situated between the eyebrows in the place where the bridge of the nose passes into the forehead. It is also responsible for a fatigue removal
  2. Zan Zhu Point: Located at the base of the inner edge of the eyebrows. Massaging the area can help get rid of running nose and enhance visual acuity. Light pressing or circular movements of this area can help lessen the headache
  3. Yingxiang Points: These points are located on both sides of the nostrils in line with the eyes. To find them feel a dimple in the bottom of the cheekbones. It is recommended for people with a sinus infection, tooth ache and at the same time reduces stress
  4. Tian Zhu Points: Located behind the head in the middle between the ear and the beginning of the spine. Massaging help relieve nasal congestion and pain in the eyes/ears. Recommended for people suffering from a migraine.




Areeba Hussain

Areeba is an independent medical and healthcare writer. For the last three years, she is writing for Tophealthjournal. Her prime areas of interest are diseases, medicine, treatments, and alternative therapies. Twitter @Areeba94789300

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