Research

Following a Mediterranean Diet can Lower the Risks of Heart Attack | Shows A Study

Are you a person who dreads the medicines the most? A person who doesn’t like to visit doctors too much or perhaps. But then, visiting doctors is crucial too especially when you are on the verge of heart diseases. Right? You can easily skip those dreadful visits to doctors to hospitals to those machine checkups if you start bringing a change in your diet- more specifically, a Mediterranean diet. As per the New England Journal of Medicine, following a Mediterranean diet can actually help a person in reducing the rates of heart attacks or heart strokes.

Mediterranean people usually don’t get diagnosed with heart attacks or heart strokes- as per the research. However, professionals were still doubtful that if there was any role play of diet in the low rates of those who were from Mediterranean countries. But, the research showed the opposite and it showed that following a Mediterranean diet can actually lower down the risks of getting a heart attack by 30% which was actually astounding for the scientists too.

People who are at higher risks of getting a heart attack can prevent it by simply switching to a better and healthier diet and that is of the Mediterranean diet. The study showed some really amazing after effects.

What Is Mediterranean diet actually about?

Mediterranean diet consists of the following:

  • In a Mediterranean diet, the main emphasis is on:
  • Vegetables
  • Fruits
  • Whole grains
  • Nuts
  • Or any other food that’s plant-related.
  • It is recommended to use herbs or other spices for flavoring your food instead of adding salt.
  • In a Mediterranean diet, red meat should be avoided as much as possible or if taken then it should be eaten on an interval basis instead of regular basis.
  • Fish and poultry meat is highly recommended to eat- two times in a week at least.
  • Instead of using butter for cooking food, it is best advised to replace it with olive or canola oil.

A study was performed on about 7, 447 people by some scientists of the University of Barcelona. The study was performed on people, the ages of whom ranged between 55 to 80 years old. The study showed some outstanding results irrespective of the fact that the same individuals had diabetes, were used to of smoking and overweight.

The groups were made and divided, in which 57% of them were constituted of women. These people were assigned to take the Mediterranean diet for some time or at least low-fat diet. The study had to be ended even before the time because the results were a triumph and the scientists found it unethical to continue a study even after discovering such stupendous health effects of following a diet.

A group was assigned to include extra-virgin olive oil in their diet and were advised to use at least 4 tablespoons of it in a day every week. The second group was assigned to include walnuts, almonds, and hazelnuts in their diet and were prescribed to take the amalgam of all three every day.

Both the groups were instructed to have fruits at least three times a day and vegetables for at least twice in a day. In addition to that, the groups were advised to avoid taking stuff that is commercially sold, made or baked. Such as cookies, cakes, fried food, cakes or all such stuff.

In conclusion, although the research was performed on people who were at high risk of getting vulnerable to heart diseases, researchers were still extremely vigilant in making predictions about those who are at low risk. Nevertheless, Dr.Estruch, a medicine professor at the University of Barcelona, comments saying that usage of Mediterranean diet can actually be helpful for people irrespective of the fact whether they are at higher risk or lower risk. And performing such a diet in childhood can yield some more good results.

 

References:

  • https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1200303#t=articleTop
  • https://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/newsplus/study-finds-mediterranean-diet-reduces-heart-disease-risk/
  • https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/news/hsph-in-the-news/mediterranean-diet-may-reduce-heart-disease/

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