Research

The Rising Rates of Suicide- How to Reduce these?

With an alarming rate of increase in the suicide rates, both in young and old, it has become necessary to know the symptoms and causes behind the suicide. Not only this, in fact, it has become essential to start addressing the preventive measures of these suicidal causes as well. What triggers suicidal feelings?

What are the symptoms by which the people may recognize if the person living around them is experiencing suicidal thoughts? These are the questions which we are going to address in this article and we will discuss what doctors recommend about such behavior.

In the United States, the rate of suicide in the age group of 15-24 is extremely high- which is considered alarming, says American Psychological Association.

Signs or Warnings of Suicide

There are a number of signs or warnings through which you may recognize if anyone around you is experiencing suicidal thoughts. Take caution if someone:

  • Consistently talks about suicide
  • Has disturbed sleep or eating patterns
  • Starts becoming anti-social
  • Doesn’t take interest in daily life activities
  • Starts giving away valuable belongings
  • Suddenly starts writing the final will
  • Starts taking unusual risks
  • Starts appearing in a disheveled state
  • Shows extreme changes in behavior.

If you analyze such symptoms either in your own self or in someone who’s living around you, it’s time that you need to seek consultation.

Precautionary Steps for Parents 

If you are a parent and if you think that your child is experiencing these symptoms, then you need to take these preventive measures in order prevent your child from having such suicidal thoughts or feelings.  

1) Knowing facts is important 

It is essential and high time that you, as a parent, need to bust some myths. Myths which are prevalent worldwide such as: youth can’t have suicidal thoughts or feelings. Asking questions related to suicide may make the other person more prone to having such thoughts or myths like that only a professional can diagnose the suicidal patterns of a certain individual. You need to bunk these myths as there is no truth to such beliefs. Instead, be non-judgmental, talk and ask questions about suicide openly. Empathize with your child if s/he shows any symptoms. 

2) Identify the symptoms 

Do take a notice if your child shows any of the aforementioned symptoms in his/her behavior. It is stated that 4 out of 5 teens show suicidal signs or symptoms before attempting suicide. Keep an eye on your child’s behavior. 

3) Risk Factors 

It is essential to note that there are also some risk factors involved. Specific circumstances or situations can trigger or be a cause of suicide. Some of them include: 

  • Recent death of some beloved.
  • Some serious loss (Divorce, separation etc)
  • Violence such as domestic violence or child abuse/neglect
  • Having access to fatal means. Such as knives, guns etc
  • Low or Zero Self-esteem
  • No self-control (Harming one’s self or harming others)

4) Have Protective Factors 

People who have the following factors or traits in them hardly attempt to kill themselves.

  • People who are equipped with problem-solving and know how to handle their problems.
  • People who have bonding with their family and friends.
  • Those who have little or no access to means of suicide.
  • Beliefs, whether cultural or religious, which prevents the individual from committing suicide.

Preventing Suicide

How can you help an individual who’s experiencing the suicidal thoughts?

  • Talk to them in a nonjudgmental way.
  • Show them your concern and empathize with their feelings.
  • Direct them towards professional help.
  • Choose some mental health provider with whom the person can talk comfortably.

Implementing the aforementioned steps will hopefully help you or the person living around you to tackle with the issue of suicide.

Sources:

  • https://psychologybenefits.org/2013/09/23/prevent-teen-suicide/
  • http://www.apa.org/advocacy/suicide-prevention/index.aspx
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1414695/

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