Weightloss

The side effects of rapid weight loss

Lose 40kg of weight in just one month! Have a lean waistline within 15 days! We all have come across such advertisements aimed at tackling the problem of obesity. Certainly, everyone wants to look good by having a good slim physique.

It is important to remain physically fit as obesity can lead to a number of medical complications like heart disease. However, what you might not know is that rapid weight loss can be considered unhealthy and harmful in some stages. A number of studies put into examining the problem have revealed the matter to be of big concern.

This article will explore some of the advantages and disadvantages associated with losing weight too quickly.

What is rapid weight loss?

There is generally no consensus on what classifies as normal weight loss. However, some studies have tried to answer this query. Medical scientists believe that if every week a person loses about 2 pounds, then that is considered to be fine. In other cases, if weight loss is seen to be rapid, it could lead to a number of health complications. Losing weight fast can signify the loss of muscles, the presence of gallstones or any other underlying disease.

There are several techniques people use to achieve a rapid loss. One way of doing so is by making changes in their diet. Calories are cut down to as low as 800 per day followed by rigorous exercise. While this may prove out to be beneficial, it can lead to consequences nevertheless. This plan will not allow the body to receive certain nutrients, as a result, will cause a deficiency of essential minerals.

The first two weeks of following such a plan will lead to the most weight loss. This is because the body starts burning excessive glycogen when it is deprived of calories. When glycogen is broken down to release energy, this leads to severe water loss from the body. The entire process is referred to as “water weight loss.”

Maintaining weight loss

A problem that is distinct to all people who aim at losing weight is the ability to sustain. A lot of times one will end up reducing weight but is unable to keep that happening for a long time. Medical scientists feel such phenomena to be of major concern.

In a research that was conducted, it was found that people who lost weight in the first year ended up gaining by the end of the fifth year. For this reason, it is argued to carry out a plan that aims at slow and consistent weight loss as opposed to rapid. This habit not only is sustainable in the long run but can be highly beneficial in other regards as well. A slow weight loss should be characterized by making the smaller piece by piece adjustment in the diet. Along with a moderate routine of physical exercise. Such a routine will also help in maintaining body physique with the passage of time. At the same allowing for the encouragement of healthy habits like eating vegetables and fruits.

What are the risks of rapid loss?

A faster weight loss routine may appear to be good to some people. Losing 30kg in 2 months may have its own appeal. Nutritionists, however, argue otherwise. A number of medical research studies have revealed a rapid plan to be highly consequential. As mentioned earlier, apart from the difficulty to sustain, it can actually lead to the development of medical conditions. Diet plans that follow the quick weight loss technique may deprive an individual of essential nutrients. One may not receive the minerals that are required by the body to function.

Loss of Muscles

One of the major drawbacks of rapid weight loss technique is the loss of bodily muscles. Muscles are necessary to aid in movement purposes along with other vital functions. What this technique may do is: induce the body to shed off muscles instead of fat.

A low-calorie diet is unable to provide with the daily requirement of energy. A person may feel weak and fatigued, unable to perform daily work functions. The body tries to regain its energy source through other means. It starts breaking down muscle mass to release energy to revitalize the body. Therefore, it is important to note this consequence of a low-calorie diet. A low muscle mass in the body may prevent everyday jobs like simple moving.

Low Metabolic Rate

It is believed that people who experience rapid weight loss may have a slower metabolic rate or BMI. A low metabolic rate signifies slower breaking down of food. In other words, the number of calories one person will burn in a span of 24 hours. A lower BMI is one of the main reasons why people are unable to keep up with the rapid weight loss in the longer run. Whatever they eat is unable to be digested quickly as a result gets stored in the form of fat. This relates to the fact why you may regain weight once you lose a great amount initially. Unlike muscle mass which you can rebuild, getting a normal BMI back may be difficult or impossible.

Lack of Nutrients

The lack of nutrients is one other major consequence of fast weight loss. A low-calorie diet will fail to provide with the needed nutrients a body requires. A person may suffer from lack of proteins, calcium, carbohydrates or even vitamins. This can, in turn, cause the development of serious medical complications along with other side effects. People who suffered from lack of nutrients reported to have faced the problem of stunted growth. Their hair started to fall more quickly and bones became more brittle and weak. In addition, they also felt fatigued more frequently than in other circumstances.

Development of Gallstones

The gallbladder is vulnerable to have the presence of gallstones which can cause severe pain in the region. A diet lack in nutrients will stop the gallbladder from secretin digestive juices. These juices are responsible for the breaking down of fatty acids. If this acid starts to accumulate in the body, it joins together to form stones.

Tips to Keep in Mind

Weight loss is encouraged but a slow and steady one. A rapid reduction can cause the body to suffer from a number of medical problems which have been mentioned in this article. It is important to keep in mind that professional nutritionists should be consulted who will aid in making a diet plan. This diet plan should include the daily required amount of calories and the right nutrients. At the same time, it is pertinent to include physical exercise in your daily routine. There is no alternative to workouts in the fresh air. High-intensity interval training should be carried out which is sustainable in the future.

Source:

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/oby.21346

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