Lifestyle

A detailed guide to lower back pain

The problem of lower back pain has become a matter of an important concern. According to recent statistics, around 70% of the entire US population is reported to have faced lower back pain. Sometimes it occurs more frequently and can make mobility extremely difficult. Due to the reason that the condition has become so widespread, science is looking for ways to solve the problem. There are synthetic ways of treating lower back pain as well as natural remedies. The natural ones can be cost-effective and yield meaningful results. Yet, seeking the advice of chiropractor should not be sidelined.

Our body is structured in such a way that each part supports the other. Failure of one part can greatly affect the performance of the other. The lower back region is composed of a wide range of bones, joints and ligaments. All of this brought together with a system of nerves running in the area. This makes lower back utterly important. It is able to give the needed support helping us to perform a number of movements. However, at times this region is vulnerable to injury and pain which can lead to a great amount of discomfort.

This article will shed light on lower back pain. It is important to understand what the condition is? What are the common causes that we often tend to overlook?

The Lower Back Region

The lower back is of immense importance for our body. Without the region, it will be difficult to perform a range of everyday functions. The muscles contained in the region help us to twist, flex and blend the body. By being able to do so, we are able to walk properly and comfortably. The nerves present in the region are responsible for all sorts of sensation by transmitting signals from the brain.

What happens when you face lower back pain?

There are a number of causes why a person will experience lower back pain. That will be discussed later in this article.

A lower back pain results, when an external or internal factor causes injury to the muscles, ligaments or joints. When such injury happens, a body initiates an automated inflammatory response for healing purpose. Inflammation may help to curb the problem. However, an often severe form of inflammation (a chronic one) may cause discomfort and pain.

How to detect lower back pain?

While this may sound easy on paper, in fact, is not as simple as it seems to be.  There is overlapping of causes that can result in the pain. In frequent instances, lower back pain might be confused with a problem occurring in some other region.

It is thereby important to be aware of all the symptoms of the lower back region. If you happen to match any of them, it is pertinent to consult a chiropractor. In the case where any of the symptoms tend to intensify, a surgery might be recommended. The following is a list of some common symptoms of lower back pain.

  • A dull aching pain engulfing the lower back region.
  • The pain tends to intensify in inclined or sitting (without support) position.
  • Muscle Stiffness and Spasms in the hip or pelvis area.
  • Difficulty moving which might require the use of a crane or any other external support

The symptoms can often be mild or severe. There might be episodes of pain that come and go. On the contrary, for some patients, the pain might last for longer periods of times. Regardless, it is important to be aware of the aforementioned symptoms. It is imperative to seek medical support as soon as the time requires.

The types of Lower back pain

Medical scientists have been able to classify two main types of lower back pain. The two vary slightly in the region where the pain occurs and with the intensity. The following table highlights that.

Type of Lower Back Pain

Details

Radicular
If a person suffers from radicular pain, then there is inflammation in the spinal root nerve. The pain can sometimes go all the way down to the buttocks or leg region. However, affecting only one side in a single time. The person, as a result, feels numbness and weakness.
Mechanical
Mechanical lower back pain affects either the joints, ligaments or muscles contained in the region. More people are likely to suffer from mechanical pain than radicular. The intensity of the pain can vary depending upon the position of the person. Usually when walking or sitting without support causes sheer discomfort.

 

What are some of the causes?

Your lower back can be injured nearly because of anything. As much as the region is important in providing support, it is vulnerable to injuries at the same time. We will differentiate the causes into two categories. One that is usually temporary and is caused by a pulled muscle or strain. The second category considers the chronic pain, known to last for longer periods of time.

Muscle strain & lower back pain

If the pain in the lower back is temporary, then the likely chance is that it has happened due to a strained or pulled muscle. This phenomenon can occur instantly without warning or develop with time. If a muscle stretched more than its physical capacity then a strain occurs as a consequence. This may tear the ligament or lead to a permanent damage to the muscle if no treatment is carried out.

There are further causes as to why someone would suffer from muscle strain. Often when athletes or gym freaks maintain an improper position when working out find themselves suffering from the condition. Lifting a heavyweight object in an inadequate manner can result in severe lower back pain.

Moreover, not following an erect posture while sitting or standing can also lead to the development of pain over time. This may damage the ligaments and muscles. The consequence of which is discomfort and pain in the lower back region.

Chronic Pain

A chronic pain in the lower back is of an important concern. It might signify the presence of an underlying serious illness. The best way to identify chronic pain is to look for the time horizon. If the discomfort has been there for three months or more then the matter needs to be dealt with carefully. In addition, there also a number of reasons for chronic pain to develop in the lower back.

Osteoarthritis: Gradually with time, the discs in the region may be subjected to wear and tear. With such happenings and less lubricant to control friction, inflammation results. This chronic inflammation is the reason behind intense pain that is caused.

Fractures: Fractures or compression fractures can also lead to the development of chronic pain. This affects the central vertebra. The consequence of which is immobility and episodes of intense pain. People who lack calcium and have weaker bones are more prone to compression fractures.

 

Source:

https://europepmc.org/abstract/med/2528828

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