Staph Infection is a type of infection caused by bacteria known as staphylococcus. Such bacteria are commonly present in the nose of the individuals, no matter how healthy they are. Studies show that 30% of the people carry such kind of bacteria with them.
Normally, such bacteria don’t cause any harm but in certain cases, it leads to fatal infections. Sometimes, such infections can be detrimental to health as well. Following are some of the diseases which can be the result of Staphylococcus bacteria:
- Bacteremia or Sepsis
Bacteremia is caused when the bacteria spread through the bloodstream. On the other hand, Pneumonia results when people are struggling with lung disease or are surviving on ventilators. Endocarditis is heart valves infection which can later be a cause of heart stroke or heart failure. Lastly, Osteomyelitis is a bone infection.
Symptoms of Staph Bacteria
The symptoms of Staph Infection vary from minor to major. It depends upon the area of the skin. Following are the signs or symptoms for diagnosing Staph Infection:
1) Skin Infection
2) Food Poisoning
4) Toxic Shock Syndrome
5) Septic Arthritis
1) Skin Infection
Skin infections which are caused by staphylococcus bacteria are of four types:
4) Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
Boils: This is the most common type of skin infection. This is a kind of pus which develops itself in a hair follicle and the infected area of the skin becomes red or swollen.
Impetigo: It develops in the form of a rash on the skin filled with fluid blisters. These are painful to deal with.
Cellulitis: It is a kind of infection which is caused by the internal layers of skin- deep layers. The skin surface gets red because of the deep layer infection.
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome: Thie victims of this form of the skin infection are mostly babies and children. It causes fever, rashes, and blisters. The break of the blisters peels the upper layer of the skin causing a reddish burned surface.
Staph Infection can cause food poisoning as well. Although, it doesn’t last long- hardly remains for half a day. The kind of staph infection caused because of food doesn’t result in fever. However, some other symptoms appear because of food poisoning are vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, low blood pressure and dehydration.
Speticemia, is also known as blood poisoning. It occurs when the staphylococcus bacteria enter the bloodstream of the person, causing fever and low blood pressure as symptoms. Such form of infection can affect the internal organs of the person i.e. brain, lungs etc. It can also affect the bones and the muscles of the infected person.
Toxic Shock Syndrome
This condition occurs when some toxins are produced by the staph bacteria strains. This may result in symptoms like: high fever, nausea, vomiting, rashes on palms or soles, diarrhea, pain in muscles or stomach.
This is also caused by the Staph Infection which mainly affects the knees, shoulders, fingers, toes, and hips. The symptoms of this condition are swelling in joints, fever, and pain in the affected areas.
Staphylococcus infection can be treated via antibiotics. However, as per some studies, this infection is resistant to antibiotics and probably won’t show the results as per the expectations. If you think that you have any of the above symptoms present in you or if you have any family history of such infections, then you should try to consult your nearest doctor for further consultancy.
People at Risk
People who are already diagnosed with diabetes, cancer, eczema, lung disease or such chronic illnesses are more prone to these infections than others.